Civil Services Examination

Current Affairs – Focus Group (CA-FG) for CSP-2019  – Starts 5th January 2019

Current Affairs – Focus Group (CA-FG) for CSP-2019 – Starts 5th January 2019


Starts from 5th January 2019

Regular Classes for Exhaustive & In-depth Current Affairs Revision for CSE - Prelims, 2019

Fee: Rs. 3000/- (Per Month) Or, Rs. 10,000/- (Total)

Click Here to Pay Your Fee for First Three Classes (Rs. 100/-)


2 classes/week | Class Duration – 3 Hours Approx | Prelims Specific – Facts + Concepts | Economic Survey – In-depth Coverage (w.r.t Prelims) | Online/Offline | Relevant Material to be provided after the class | Complimentary: Monthly Current Affairs Test | 4 – All India Comprehensive Tests


 

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Civil Services – Mains Focus Group (CS-MFG) for CS (Mains)-2019  – Starts 6th January 2019

Civil Services – Mains Focus Group (CS-MFG) for CS (Mains)-2019 – Starts 6th January 2019


Starts from 6th January 2019

Regular Test Assignments for Exhaustive & In-depth Syllabus Revision for CSE - Mains, 2019

Entrance Test:
23rd December, 2018

Fee: Rs. 2,500/- (Per Month)

Click Here to Register for Entrance Test to be held on 23rd December, 2018

Click Here to Pay Entrance Test Fee (Rs. 300/-)


On the lines of CS–PFG (Civil Services – Prelims Focus Group), Chrome IAS Academy has decided to start a program which can cater to those aspirants who want to practice Mains Answer Writing simultaneously with their prelims Preparation. CS-MFG (Civil Services – Mains Focus Group) is integrated with CS-PFG syllabus, which would help you to practice answer writing on the same content and syllabus that you cover as a part of CS-PFG.


Program runs Twice a week | 4 Questions per Session (Static Portion from CS-PFG + Current Affairs) | Online/Offline Mode | Content/Pointers on Questions – as a reference | Brief Evaluation | Discussion | Scheduled days – Wednesday and Friday


This serves multiple objectives:

Pre and Mains preparation together.

You practice subjective questions on the same topics which you have covered for prelims.

This program gives you an Insight regarding the practical aspect of Mains – i.e. you get an idea whether you can express yourself in the manner required for Mains Exam.

You get an idea of recollecting aspect of your memory – i.e. what you read for Prelims, is it remaining with you or disappearing as soon as you are done with the PFG test. (Hope you get the implied meaning).


 

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CSE-2019 | Prelims Daily Quiz 64

CSE-2019 | Prelims Daily Quiz 64

Question:

Q. Extreme weather events due to climate change have killed lakhs of people around the world in last few decades. With reference to this, consider the following statements:

1. Tsunami is one of such disasters that have killed thousands of people.

2. In the last twenty years, India accounted for the highest number of these casualties.

3. India is one of the top 10 countries that face maximum risk to climate change.

 

Select the correct statement/s using the codes given below:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1, 2 and 3

d) None of the above

Correct Answer

d) None of the above

Explanation for the Correct Answer
  • Deaths caused by natural calamities like earthquakes, tsunamis or volcanoes are not caused by climate change.
  • In the last twenty years, India accounted for the second highest number of these casualties after Myanmar.
  • The Germanwatch report puts India at 14th on the list of countries at maximum risk to climate change.
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Essential Facts (Prelims): 13 December, 2018

Essential Facts (Prelims): 13 December, 2018


NSG

  • The NSG was raised in 1986 following the assassination of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Operation Blue Star.
  • The force, which is trained to operate as an elite urban anti-terrorist and anti-hijack force, doesn’t have a cadre of its own or direct recruitment and is instead dependent on personnel sent on deputation from the army and the central armed police forces.

Submarine

  • The Indian Navy joined a select group of naval forces in the world when it inducted its first non-tethered Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) system .
  • The DSRV is used to rescue crew members from submarines stranded under water in the high seas.
  • The DSRV can be operated at a depth of 650 metres and can rescue 14 people at a time.
  • The DSRV can also be transported by air, enabling it to conduct rescue operations across the globe.

SEBI

  • SEBI has allowed mutual fund (MF) houses to segregate bad assets — known as side pocketing in industry parlance — in their debt and money market schemes.
  • The regulator has also expanded the universe of companies for whom the Offer For Sale (OFS) mechanism is available.
  • Shareholders of any company with a market capitalisation of over ₹1,000 crore would be able to use the OFS mechanism instead of the current limit of the top 200 companies.

Birds

  • There are about 23 billion chickens on Earth at any given time, at least 10 times more than any other bird.
  • The second most numerous bird on the planet, at an estimated population of 1.5 billion, is a small creature called the red-billed quelea, sometimes known in its home of sub-Saharan Africa as a feathered locust.
  • The combined mass of those 23 billion chickens is greater than that of all the other birds on Earth.

Japan

  • Japan selected the Chinese character for ‘disaster’ as its ‘defining symbol’ for 2018, a year that saw the country hit by deadly floods, earthquakes and storms.

J-K Governor rule

  • Jammu and Kashmir is likely to come under President’s rule on after 28 years with Governor set to recommend Centre’s rule in his report to the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • Unlike other states, the process of imposing President’s rule in J&K is more nuanced where the Governor rules for the first six months.
  • The ratification has to be done by both Houses of Parliament within two months of imposition of President’s rule. Once approved by both the Houses, the President’s rule is valid for six months.
  • The President’s rule has not been imposed every time Governor’s rule was invoked in the past, with either elections being held within six months or political parties coming together to stake claim to form government.
  • The President’s rule was earlier imposed in 1990 and lasted more than six years due to the sudden rise in terrorism and breakdown of law and order in the Valley.
  • It was first imposed in 1986.

Dam Safety Bill

  • The Bill provides for surveillance, inspection, operation and maintenance of specified dams for prevention of dam failure related disasters and to provide for institutional mechanism to ensure their safe functioning.
  • There are over 5,200 large dams in the country and about 450 are under construction. There are also thousands of medium and small dams whose safety remains a matter of concern due to lack of legal and institutional safeguards.

Manned mission

  • It is proposed to undertake manned mission to space before 75th Anniversary of Indian Independence.
  • The manned mission will be accomplished using ISRO’s launch vehicle GSLV MkIII.
  • The manned mission will launch Indian astronauts from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC), Sriharikota into an approximately 400 Km Low Earth Orbit. The maximum mission planned is of 7 days duration.

ATMA

  • A Centrally Sponsored Scheme ‘Support to State Extension Programmes for Extension Reforms’ popularly known as ATMA Scheme is being implemented in 676 districts of 29 states & 3 UTs of the country, including all the districts of Maharashtra & Jharkhand.
  • The scheme promotes decentralized and farmer-friendly extension system in the country.
  • Under the Scheme, Grants-in-aid is released to the State Governments {In the ratio of 60:40 (Centre:State) to General States, 90:10 for North-Eastern & 3 Himalayan States and 100% for UTs}.

Crop Production

  • Govt fixes target for the production of foodgrains in the country annually.
  • The target for the production of foodgrains has been fixed at 290.25 million tonnes for the 2018-19.
  • The production of foodgrains in the country has been estimated at 284.83 million tonnes 2017-18, which is a record.

MSP

  • Government fixes Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) of 22 mandated agricultural crops and Fair & Remunerative Price (FRP) for Sugarcane on the basis of recommendations of Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices (CACP), after considering the views of State Governments and Central Ministries/Departments concerned and other relevant factors.
  • In addition, MSP for Toria and De-Husked coconut is also fixed on the basis of MSPs of Rapeseed/Mustard and Copra respectively.
  • The Union Budget for 2018-19 had announced the pre-determined principle to keep MSPs at levels of one and half times the cost of production for all mandated crops.
  • Region specific parameters are kept in view by the CACP while recommending MSP for agricultural crops.
  • Since the cost of production varies in different States on account of differences in levels of irrigation, resource endowment, farm mechanization, land holding size etc., CACP uses all-India weighted average cost of production while making its recommendations and recommends uniform MSP which is applicable to all states.
  • As per the existing arrangements, procurement is made of the crops for which MSPs are announced through Central and State agencies.
  • In so far as cereals/nutri cereals are concerned, they are procured through FCI and decentralized procurement system mainly for distribution under the public distribution system (PDS), for welfare schemes and buffer stocking for food security.
  • Government implements Price Support Scheme (PSS) for procurement of oilseeds, pulses and cotton through Central Nodal Agencies at MSP declared by the Government.
  • A new Umbrella Scheme ‘Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan’ (PM-AASHA) has been announced by the government. The scheme consists of three sub-schemes i.e. Price Support Scheme (PSS), Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS) and Private Procurement & Stockist Scheme (PPSS) on a pilot basis.
  • The payments to the farmers are made through Real Time Gross settlement (RTGS)/ National Electronic Fund Transfer (NEFT) and account payee cheque by the procuring agencies. However, if producer/farmers gets better price in comparison to MSP, they are free to sell their produce in open market.

 

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CSE-2019 | Prelims Daily Quiz 63

CSE-2019 | Prelims Daily Quiz 63

Question:

Q. Andaman and Nicobar islands have recently been in news. Consider the following statements in this respect:

1. The Restricted Area Permit (RAP) regime came into existence in 1980s.

2. To develop tourism, the RAP regime was recently lifted from majority of the islands of the Andaman archipelago.

3. Even after the withdrawal of the RAP regime, a tourist requires permissions to visit these islands.

 

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 3 only

Correct Answer

d) 3 only

Explanation for the Correct Answer
  • The RAP regime came into existence in 1963.
  • To develop tourism, the RAP was lifted around August this year from 29 islands only.
  • Though the regime was withdrawn, a tourist is required to take permission from the Forest Department and the local administration as it is protected under two other Acts.
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Gist of Editorials: Quick Fix for the Farmer (Indian Express) | GS – III

Gist of Editorials: Quick Fix for the Farmer (Indian Express) | GS – III

Relevance : GS Paper III (Indian Economy)

[1000 words reduced to 150]


  • Recently, thousands of farmers held protest in Delhi.
  • Demands of farmers:
    • debate in Parliament on farm distress;
    • one-time loan waiver; and
    • raising MSPs and making them legally binding on private traders
  • Rationality of these demands:
    • debate would help understand and address farm distress better
    • loan waivers will largely help the well-off farmers, and will also hit public investments in agriculture adversely
    • an MSP formula based on just cost and ignoring demand would be inefficient
    • making MSP legally binding will turn out to be anti-farmer as it will discourage private traders
  • Way forward
    • need of reforms in agri-markets
    • encouraging contract farming, futures trading, etc.
    • investments to improve the functioning of markets
    • thinking of a sustained income support for farmers.
    • financial inclusion of small and marginal farmers
    • implementation of PM’s AASHA by state govts.
  • Quick fix of loan waivers is not a solution of farm distress.

 

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Editorial Simplified: Quick Fix for the Farmer | GS – III

Editorial Simplified: Quick Fix for the Farmer | GS – III

Relevance : GS Paper III (Indian Economy)


Why has this issue cropped up?

Thousands of farmers from different parts of India marched to Delhi on November 29-30 to register their protest against the government’s perceived apathy and neglect of farmers’ demands.


Demands of farmers

They were basically demanding three things:

  • one, debate in Parliament to discuss farm distress;
  • two, one-time loan waiver; and
  • three, raising minimum support prices (MSPs) to 50 per cent above comprehensive cost (Cost C2) of production, and making MSPs legally binding on private traders — that is, if any trader buys below MSP, he should be put in prison for, say, three years.

Rationality of these demands

  • Accepting the demand for a debate in the Parliament is easy and it would help in understanding the real causes of farm distress, and the policies which could best help to tackle it.
  • The second demand is of a one-time loan waiver. It is well known that loan waivers will not solve the problems of farmers because:
  • it is the better ones in the peasantry which will benefit the most from this move.
  • these loan waivers will hit public investments in agriculture adversely and may even worsen farm distress in due course. It is a vicious circle.
  • The third demand, of setting higher MSPs and making them legally binding, is strange because :
  • an MSP formula based on just cost, be it A2+FL or C2, ignoring its demand side, is patently inefficient. It will cost the nation heavily in due course.
  • making it legally binding will turn out to be anti-farmer as private trade will exit for fear of being jailed, and market prices will collapse even further and the government does not have the paraphernalia to procure, store, and distribute 23 commodities for which MSPs are announced.

Way forward

  • India needs large reforms in its agri-markets, from reforming APMC markets to abolishing the Essential Commodities Act and rolling back all export restrictions.
  • Encouraging contract farming, allowing private agri-markets in competition with APMC markets, capping commissions and fees to not more than 2 per cent for any commodity at any place in India, opening and expanding futures trading, negotiable warehouse receipt system, e-NAM with due system of assaying, grading, delivery and dispute settlement mechanisms, are some of the necessary steps needed urgently.
  • Once this is done, major investments need to follow in improving the functioning of markets and building efficient value chains, especially of perishables. This can be done through the PPP mode, creating millions of jobs. But it needs sustained and focused efforts, steered by a strong minister as was done in the case of GST reforms.
  • The time is also coming to think of a sustained income support for farmers.
  • The small and marginal farmers often depend more on the money lenders, where the interest rates range from 24 to 48 per cent. What is needed is financial inclusion of these small and marginal farmers in institutional credit at reasonable interest rates and not outright loan waivers.
  • PM’s AASHA (Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan) tried to give support through three sub-schemes — the Price Support Scheme, Price Deficiency Payment (PDP) and Private Procurement & Stockist Scheme. However, none of the states has implemented the scheme. The states must implement it.

Conclusion

Time, patience and vision to do all this is needed. If we go for quick fix of loan waivers, farmers will be back on the roads after another five years, asking for another loan waiver.


 

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Gist of Editorials: Death in the Air (The Hindu) | GS – III

Gist of Editorials: Death in the Air (The Hindu) | GS – III

Relevance : GS Paper III (Ecology & Environment)

[500 words reduced to 150]


  • Air pollution has killed an estimated 1.24 million people in India in 2017.
  • Extent of air pollution
    • Millions face premature death
    • PM2.5 is at 40 micrograms per cubic metre
  • Paying greater attention to air quality can increase life expectancy by approx. 2 years in worst affected areas.
  • Way forward
    • Sustainable solutions for stubble-burning and use of solid fuels in households
    • Ensure that the machinery to handle agricultural waste is in place and working in Punjab and Haryana
    • A mechanism for rapid collection of farm residues has to be instituted.
    • New approaches to recover value from biomass should be explored.
    • The potential of domestic biogas units, solar cookers and improved biomass cookstoves has to be explored.
    • India’s commitments under the Paris Agreement need to be modified.
    • real-time measurement of pollution should be ensured.
  • Rapid progress on clean air now depends on citizens making it a front-line political issue.

 

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