Gist of Editorials: Towards a Genetic Panopticon (The Hindu) | GS – III

The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018 is to presented for consideration by the Rajya Sabha. The DNA Bill will give the state untrammelled access to deeply personal and penetrating material.

Relevance : GS Paper III (Science and Technology)

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  • The DNA Bill, 2018 is to be considered by the Rajya Sabha.
  • Problems with the draft Bill:
    • disregards ethical dilemmas
    • treats DNA as infallible
    • infringement of civil liberties is seen as legitimate trade-off
    • proposed law is vague
    • allows DNA collection in civil cases as well
    • failure to place sufficient checks on the misuse of DNA evidence
    • a range of privacy protections are absent in the Bill
    • enhances the State’s coercive powers
  • Why do we need a DNA law?
    • Genes encoded in DNA are important tool in forensic science
    • DNA profile helps in establishing the identity of a suspect.
    • only a small amount of genetic material is needed to create DNA profile.
    • DNA evidence used across the world in complex investigations.
  • We should not the government untrammelled access to deeply personal material.

 

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