CSE-2020 | Prelims Daily Quiz 83 [Answers]

Quiz 83 – Answers


Questions can be found here :

Link : https://chromeias.com/cse-2020-prelims-daily-quiz-83-questions/


Q.1

c) 1 and 3 only

EXPLANATION –

Government launched SUMAN initiative for Zero Preventable Maternal and Newborn Deaths.

The initiative aims at assuring dignified, respectful and quality health care at no cost and zero tolerance for denial of services for every woman and newborn visiting the public health facility in order to end all preventable maternal and newborn deaths.

Under it, pregnant women, mothers up to 6 months after delivery, and all sick newborns will be able to avail free healthcare benefits. The government will also provide free transport from home to health institutions.


Q.2

a) Both A and R are correct, and R is the correct explanation of A

EXPLANATION –

According to the World Bank Global Nutrition Report – 2018, malnutrition costs India at least $10 billion annually in terms of lost productivity, illness and death and is seriously retarding improvements in human development and further reduction of childhood mortality.

The solution to tackling malnutrition lies in promoting regional cropping patterns and embracing local food those are rich in protein. The atlas will help tackle malnutrition effectively.


Q.3

c) 1, 2 and 3 only

EXPLANATION –

Ministry of Women and Child Development in association with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Deendayal Research Institute is developing a POSHAN atlas under POSHAN abhiyan.

POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission) was launched by the government on March 8, 2018.

The Abhiyaan targets to reduce stunting, undernutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.

The target of the mission is to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022.


Q.4

d) All of the above

EXPLANATION –

The spread of invasive weed species like Hyptis, Cassia Tora and Parthenium has been detected in environmentally-sensitive areas like Adilabad district of Telangana.

These invasive weeds do not allow the grasslands to grow, which in turn leads to a decrease in the population of herbivores, which are prey to the Tigers. The decrease in the numbers of herbivores may threaten the existence of the tiger population in the area.

The Rio de Janeiro Convention on Biodiversity (1992) had recognised the biological invasion of alien species of plants as the second-worst threat to the environment after habitat destruction.


Q.5

d) All of the above

EXPLANATION –

National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey was conducted during 2015-2019 by Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (New Delhi). Prevalence of diabetes in India has been recorded at 11.8% in the last four years with almost same percentage of men and women suffering from the disease. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) there are estimated 72.96 million cases of diabetes in adult population of India.

The prevalence of diabetes among males was 12%, whereas among females it was 11.7%. Highest prevalence of diabetes (13.2%) was observed in the 70-79 years’ age group.

The prevalence of any form of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in diabetic population aged up to 50 years was found to be 16.9%. Prevalence of blindness among diabetics was 2.1% and visual impairment was 13.7%.

[Registration Open for Entrance Test] Civil Services – Prelims Focus Group (CS-PFG) 2020 (To be Conducted on 17th November, 2019)


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Salient Features of this Programme

  • Scholarship For First 50 Ranks
  • 70 + Module Wise Tests, 8+ Full Length Tests, 6 Current Affairs Based Tests.
  • 4 Tests per Week.
  • 40 Questions per Test.
  • 3 Rounds of Revisions of each Module.
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  • In the last Month full length Tests will be conducted.
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  • Regular meet ups once in a month.
  • Surprise tests to check your preparedness.
  • More focus on analytical types of questions and strictly on the patterns of UPSC.
  • SWOT based monthly report card.

Selection or Elimination?

It is said that at prelims stage UPSC eliminates aspirants but selects at mains and interview.

Some of the notions associated with Prelims:-

  • One wrong bubble can change your destiny.
  • NCERTs and The Hindu are losing their importance.
  • No topper have claimed to know more than 40-50 questions and rest of the questions they solve with elimination technology.
  • Some rely more on accuracy Siddharth Jain Rank 11, 2017 claimed he never used to attempt more than 72-75 but still managed to get score more than 120, While others are more dependent on quantity!
  • There is no need to join any test series, one can take the tests from market and practice at home.

One may agree or disagree with the above notions but, one notion is ultimate truth that UPSC in prelims stage is unpredictable, dicey, incomprehensible, luck dependent (if on the borderline).


3 Category of Students after Prelims:-

Category 1:- Who scores way less than the predicted/rumoured cutoff, what they should do is watch some Netflix series from friends account, relax and prepare for next year.

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Category 3:- 5-10 marks more than predicted cutoff. What they get is immense confidence, satisfaction and hope. They enroll themselves in some mains test series. These category students are ahead of their counterparts in the 2nd category.

Gone are those days where 3-4 months were enough to crack prelims, but, in these days where competition is immense along with number of seats are on decline, vague nature of questions this exam has really become a herculean task. (You guys are going to compete with doctors from AIIMS, IIM/IIT graduates, a dedicated guy living in some corner of Bihar whose only dream is to become IAS and also professionals from colleges all over India.

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What needs to be done:-

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CSE-2020 | Prelims Daily Quiz 83 [ Questions ]


Questions


Q1. Consider the following statements about “Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan (SUMAN)”

1.Under the SUMAN initiative Government will provide free transport from home to health institutions.

2.Under it, only pregnant women and mothers up to 6 months after delivery will be able to avail free healthcare benefits.

3.SUMAN initiative for Zero Preventable Maternal and Newborn Deaths.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


Q2. Consider the following statements 

Assertion (A): According to the World Bank Global Nutrition Report – 2018, malnutrition costs India at least $10 billion annually in terms of lost productivity, illness and death.

Reason (R): Malnutrition is seriously retarding improvements in human development and further reduction of childhood mortality.

Select the correct answer from codes given below

a) Both A and R are correct, and R is the correct explanation of A

b) Both A and R are correct, and R is not correct explanation of A

c) A is correct while R is incorrect

d) A is incorrect while R is correct


Q3. Which of the following statements about “POSHAN abhiyan” are correct?

1.The ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) in association with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Deendayal Research Institute is developing a POSHAN atlas under POSHAN abhiyan.

2.POSHAN Abhiyaan targets to reduce stunting, undernutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.

3.The target of the mission is to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022.

4.POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission) was launched by the government on March 8, 2015.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1, 2 and 4 only

b) 2, 3 and 4 only

c) 1, 2 and 3 only

d) All of the above


Q4. Which of the following statements are correct about Invasive Weeds?

1.The spread of invasive weed species like Hyptis, Cassia Tora and Parthenium has been detected in environmentally-sensitive areas like Adilabad district of Telangana.

2.The Rio de Janeiro Convention on Biodiversity (1992) had recognised the biological invasion of alien species of plants as the second-worst threat to the environment after habitat destruction.

3.These invasive weeds encourage the grasslands to grow, which in turn leads to a decrease in the population of herbivores, which are prey to the Tigers.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


Q5. According to the National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey which of the following statements are correct?

1.According to the Survey prevalence of diabetes in India has been recorded at 11.8% in the last four years with almost same percentage of men and women suffering from the disease.

2.Prevalence of blindness among diabetics was 2.1% and visual impairment was 13.7%.

3.According to WHO there are estimated 72.96 million cases of diabetes in adult population of India.

4.National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey was conducted during 2015-2019 by Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences along with AIIMS Delhi.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1, 2 and 4 only

b) 2, 3 and 4 only

c) 1, 3 and 4 only

d) All of the above


Note 

1. Answers will be given tomorrow with Solution

2. You can post your answers in discussion section below and cross check your accuracy .

Objective of this exercise is to prepare you for PRELIMS 2020 on daily basis . If you do it sincerely and attempt a good Test Series under exam like conditions , we are sure it will help you in clearing Prelims examination.


Quiz 82

Questions –  https://chromeias.com/cse-2020-prelims-daily-quiz-82/

Answers – https://chromeias.com/cse-2020-prelims-daily-quiz-82-answers/


PIB – October 11 , 2019


GS- 2nd Paper

Topic- Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders. 

‘India International Cooperatives Trade Fair (IICTF)’

Context

The first ever ‘India International Cooperatives Trade Fair’ (IICTF) was inaugurated by the Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers’ at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.

About IICTF

  • ‘India International Cooperatives Trade Fair’ (IICTF) is unique initiative that provides single platform to farmers, artisans & other members of cooperatives directly to global trade arena.
  • It is conceived as a major platform to promote exports of Indian cooperative produce and is packed with exhibitions, Business to Business meetings, conferences, cultural programmes etc.

Objective

  • IICTF is aimed at the vision and goal of doubling farmers’ income by promoting cooperative-to-cooperative trade within India & abroad.
  • To promote exports of key agriculture commodities and products leading to enhanced rural and farm prosperity.

Background

  • This IICTF initiative is part of Agriculture Export Policy (AEP) 2018.
  • Agriculture Export Policy 2018 aims at doubling agriculture export and integrating Indian farmers and agriculture products with global value chains.
  • As per AEP 2018, the Cooperative sector has big role to play in doubling agriculture exports from present $30 billion to $60 billion by 2022.

Organisers and Participants

  • The Fair is jointly organised by National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) in association with the Bangkok based international organization Network for the Development of Agricultural Cooperatives (NEDAC).
  • 3 Central Ministries, 4 State Governments and several apex level Indian cooperative organizations.

Key Initiative at IICTF

YuvaSahakar-­Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme 2019

  • National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) has formulated ‘YuvaSahakar-­Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme 2019’.
  • It is in line with Government’s focus on programmes like Start-up India and Stand-up India aimed at young entrepreneurs with new and innovative ideas.

‘Simply desi’

  • Sahakar Bharati, launched their brand ‘Simply desi’ which will provide good marketing and branding opportunities for cooperatives.
  • Sahakar Bharati is the single largest organisation focusing on enlightening masses about the benefit of cooperative movement.

Significance

  • IICTF offers a huge opportunity for the industry and business houses from India and abroad to build alliances, business networking, product sourcing.

 For Prelims-

‘The order of the Green Crescent’

Context

India and Comoros sign MoUs on Defence Cooperation, health, culture and arts.

Highlights

  • The Vice President, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu visited to Comoros and Sierra Leone by declaring that India accorded highest priority to deepening its engagements with African nations.
  • India and Comoros today signed 6 MoUs including one on defence cooperation.
  • The Comorian President conferred the ‘Order of the Green Crescent’ on the Vice President of India.
  • ‘Order of the Green Crescent’ is the highest civilian honour of the Union of Comoros.

IN-BN CORPAT

Context

India – Bangladesh Navies Undertake Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) in North Bay of Bengal.

Highlights

  • The second edition of Indian Navy(IN) –Bangladesh Navy(BN) Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) commenced in Northern Bay of Bengal.
  • The two-day CORPAT will be followed by the maiden edition of IN-BN Bilateral Exercise at Visakhapatnam.
  • The IN-BN CORPAT was commenced in 2018.
  • It is aimed at upgrading to a bilateral exercise with the navies engaging in seamanship evolutions, flying exercises with integral helicopters and maritime patrol aircraft at sea.
  • Exercises entailing the development of mutual communication and sharing of best practices would also be undertaken, adding a new dimension to the Indo – Bangladesh maritime relations.
  • India and Bangladesh share a common territorial boundary of over 4000 km and a maritime boundary.
  • Navies of both the counties aim to practice and hone their mutual cooperation whilst patrolling near the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) during the current edition of CORPAT.

Kayakalp awards

Context

Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare gives away Kayakalp awards to Public and Private Health Facilities for high standards of sanitation and hygiene.

Highlights

  • The Kayakalp Award was instituted as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan on 15th May 2015.
  • The Kayakalp award was envisioned as a national initiative to recognize and felicitate public health facilities that demonstrate high levels of cleanliness, hygiene and infection control measure on promoting cleanliness in public spaces.
  • Kayakalp has played a pivotal role in reinstating and reconfirming trust and confidence of the community in public health facilities.
  • Under the Central Government Hospitals A category, the first prize of Rs. 3 crore was given to the All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi.
  • JIPMER, Puducherry was judged as the runner-up in this category with Rs. 1.5 crore prize money,
  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER),Chandigarh and Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi won the Commendation Award of Rs. 50 Lakh each.
  • In the group B category, the winner was VBCH, Silvassa winning Rs. 2 crore,
  • AIIMS Bhubaneswar as the runner-up winning Rs. 1 crore.
  • NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, LGBRIMH, Tezpur and AIIMS, Bhopal each won Rs. 50 lakhs as Commendation Award.
  • Over the period, the number of facilities under Kayakalp rose from 750 health facilities in 2015-16 to more than 26000 facilities in 2018-19.

“mHariyali” App

Context

Mobile App, “mHariyali” Launched for ‘Environment Protection in Government Colonies’ Website.

Highlights

  • Minister of State(I/c) for Housing & Urban Affairs launching the mobile app, “mHariyali,”
  • The app is aimed to encourage Public engagement in planting trees and other such Green drives.
  • The App provides for automatic geo-tagging of plants.
  • This app will also enable nodal officers to periodically monitor the plantation. The App is user friendly and works on any android mobile phone.

SARAS Aajeevika Mela

Context

The Ministry of Rural Development is organising SARAS Aajeevika Mela at India Gate Lawns in October.

About SARAS Aajeevika Mela

  • SARAS Aajeevika Mela is an initiative by the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM).
  • The Mela is organised by the marketing arm of the Ministry, Council for Advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology (CAPART).

Objectives

  • To bring the rural women Self Help Groups (SHGs) formed with support of DAY-NRLM, under one platform to show-case their skills, sell their products and help them build linkages with bulk buyers.
  • Through participation in SARAS Aajeevika Mela, these rural SHG women get vital national level exposure to understand the demand and taste of urban customers.

CSE-2020 | Prelims Daily Quiz 82 [Answers]


Quiz 82 – Answers


Questions can be found here :

Link : https://chromeias.com/cse-2020-prelims-daily-quiz-82/


Q.1

a) 1 and 2 only

EXPLANATION –

Nobel Award 2019 for chemistry is given for the development of Li-ion Batttery. It was given to M. Stanley Whittingham, John B. Goodenough and Akira Yoshino.

The first commercial viable lithium- ion battery was developed by Akiro Yoshino in 1991.

In a battery, electrons flow from the negative electrode- the anode- to the positive one- the cathode producing electricity.


Q.2

a) 1, 2 and 4 only

EXPLANATION –

The marginal cost of funds based lending rate (MCLR) refers to the minimum interest rate of a bank below which it cannot lend, except in some cases allowed by the RBI.

It is an internal benchmark or reference rate for the bank. MCLR actually describes the method by which the minimum interest rate for loans is determined by a bank – on the basis of marginal cost or the additional or incremental cost of arranging one more rupee to the prospective borrower.

The MCLR methodology for fixing interest rates for advances was introduced by the Reserve Bank of India with effect from April 1, 2016.

The MCLR was cut by 10 bps from October 10, 2019.


Q.3

a) All of the above.

EXPLANATION –

Government launched the GEMINI device for seamless and effective dissemination of emergency information and communication on disaster warnings, Potential Fishing Zones (PFZ) and Ocean States Forecasts (OSF) to fishermen.

GAGAN (GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation) satellite system is being utilized by Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) with Airports Authority of India (AAI) to transmit the PFZ, OSF and disaster warnings to fishermen.

To receive the messages transmitted through the GAGAN satellites, INCOIS together with AAI developed a low-cost GAGAN system-enabled GEMINI (GAGAN Enabled Mariner’s Instrument for Navigation and Information) device.


Q.4

a) Identify and encourage talented children to enrich their skills and knowledge.

EXPLANATION –

Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme is being started to identify and encourage talented children to enrich their skills and knowledge.

The objective of the Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme (PMILP) would be to allow talented students to realize their full potential and contribute to society. In centres of excellence across the country, gifted children will be mentored and nurtured by renowned experts in different areas, so that they can reach their full potential.


CSE-2020 | Prelims Daily Quiz 82 [ Questions ]


Questions


Q1. Consider the following statements:

1.Nobel Award 2019 for chemistry is given for the development of Li-ion Batttery.

2.The first commercial viable lithium- ion battery was developed by Akiro Yoshino in 1991.

3.In a battery, electrons flow from the cathode to anode, producing electricity.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


Q2. Which of the following statements about “Marginal Cost Of Funds Based Lending Rate (MCLR) ” are correct?

1.The marginal cost of funds based lending rate (MCLR) refers to the minimum interest rate of a bank below which it cannot lend, except in some cases allowed by the RBI.

2.The MCLR methodology for fixing interest rates for advances was introduced by the Reserve Bank of India with effect from April 1, 2016.

3.It is an external benchmark or reference rate for the bank.

4.The MCLR was cut by 10 bps from October 10.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1, 2 and 4 only

b) 2, 3 and 4 only

c) 1, 3 and 4 only

d) All of the above


Q3. GEMINI device launched by the union government is related to

a) GEMINI device has been launched for seamless and effective dissemination of emergency information and communication on disaster warnings.

b) GEMINI device used to send signals for Potential Fishing Zones (PFZ) and Ocean States Forecasts (OSF) to fishermen.

c) INCOIS together with AAI developed a low-cost GAGAN system-enabled GEMINI (GAGAN Enabled Mariner’s Instrument for Navigation and Information) device.

d) All of the above.


Q4. Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme (PMILP)- ‘DHRUV’ is related to

a)Identify and encourage talented children to enrich their skills and knowledge.

b)Science and digital Arts.

c)Teachers training

d)Handicraft


Note 

1. Answers will be given tomorrow with Solution

2. You can post your answers in discussion section below and cross check your accuracy .

Objective of this exercise is to prepare you for PRELIMS 2020 on daily basis . If you do it sincerely and attempt a good Test Series under exam like conditions , we are sure it will help you in clearing Prelims examination.


Quiz 81 

Questions –  https://chromeias.com/cse-2019-prelims-daily-quiz-81/

Answers – https://chromeias.com/cse-2019-prelims-daily-quiz-80-81-answer/


PIB – October 10 , 2019


GS- 2 Paper

Topic covered– Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)

Context

Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Railways to attend the 9th RCEP Intersessional Ministerial meeting to be held on at Bangkok in Thailand. 

About 9th RCEP Intersessional Ministerial meet

  • The 9th Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) intersessional Ministerial meeting is to be held in Bangkok, Thailand
  • This will be the last Ministerial before the 3rdLeaders Summit to be held on November 4th2019 in Bangkok.
  • The 9thIntersessional Ministerial Meeting comes at a crucial stage where the RCEP is scheduled to be announced as concluded in November 2019.
  • The focus and emphasis of the meetings chaired by the Commerce and Industry Minister was on putting in place appropriate safeguards including auto-trigger mechanism against sudden surge in imports from RCEP countries.
  • The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with six partners namely People’s Republic of China (ACFTA), Republic of Korea (AKFTA), Japan (AJCEP), India (AIFTA) and Australia and New Zealand (AANZFTA).

About RCEP

  • The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
  • The member countries are Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
  • Its six FTA partners are China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand.
  • RCEP negotiations were formally launched in November 2012 at the ASEAN Summit in Cambodia.
  • RCEP is the world’s largest economic bloc, covering nearly half of the global economy.
  • The RCEP negotiations were launched by leaders from 10 ASEAN member states (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) and 6 ASEAN FTA partners (Australia, People’s Republic of China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea and New Zealand).

Objectives

  • The objective of launching RCEP negotiation is to achieve a modern, comprehensive, high quality and mutually beneficial economic partnership agreement among the ASEAN member states and ASEAN’s FTA partners.
  • RCEP aims to boost goods trade by eliminating most tariff and non-tariff barriers.
  • To provide the region’s consumers greater choice of quality products at affordable rates.
  • It also seeks to liberalise investment norms and do away with services trade restrictions.

Significance of RCEP for India

  • RCEP is considered as an alternative to the other important multilateral treaty named Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).
  • The TPP agreement excludes two of the important Asian powers – China and India.
  • The RCEP provides an opportunity to establish greater economic stature of India among the other South Asian countries.
  • It can play an important role in the success of India’s Act East policy.
  • RCEP agreement would complement India’s existing free trade agreements with ASEAN nations and some of its member countries.
  • India will have access to vast regional markets of these countries thereby helping its economy.

Importance of RCEP

  • In 2017, prospective RCEP member states accounted for a population of 3.4 billion people with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP, PPP) of 49.5 trillion USD, approximately 39 percent of the world’s GDP.
  • It is combined GDPs of India and China making up more than half that amount.
  • RCEP is the world’s largest economic bloc, covering nearly half of the global economy.
  • It is estimated that by 2050 the GDP of RCEP member states is likely to amount to nearly 250 trillion USD with the combined GDPs of India and China making up more than 75 percent of the amount.

Concerns of India

  • India’s main concern is that agreeing to eliminate tariffs altogether will mainly help China.
  • India is worried that China would dump its low-cost steel and other products and thus it will cause serious harm to its domestic industries.
  • India has got massive trade deficit with China. Under these circumstances, India proposed differential market access strategy for China.
  • There are demands by other RCEP countries for lowering customs duties on a number of products and greater access to the market than India has been willing to provide.

GS-2 Paper

TopicIssues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Conference of Central Council of Health and Family Welfare (CCHFW)

Context

Dr. Harsh Vardhan inaugurates 13th Conference of Central Council of Health and Family Welfare (CCHFW).

About CCHFW

  • The Central Council of Health and Family Welfare (CCHFW) was set up under Article 263 of the Constitution.
  • It aims to provide support and advice to the Department of Health on policy formulation.
  • The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India in collaboration with the WHO Country Office for India has compiled and digitized the proceedings of all Central Council meetings held from the year 1988 upto 2010.

13th conference of CCHFW

  • The 13th Conference of Central Council of Health and Family Welfare was inaugurated by the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare.
  • The CCHFW meeting was aimed at building consensus on national health priorities i.e. Universal Health Coverage (UHC) through Ayushman Bharat, eliminating TB and other priority agenda such as strengthening medical infrastructure.
  • The conference also aims to promote steps towards the target of National Health Policy 2017, that is, to allocate 2.5% of GDP to health by 2025.

Key points of the Conference

The conference is to be focused on 4 pillars of healthcare-

  1. Universal Health Coverage
  2. Mission mode interventions
  3. Quality and accessible affordable healthcare services
  4. Adequate Infrastructure
  • The Union Health Minister released the reports on-
  • National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey India (2015 – 19).
  • Report on National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy survey India (2015 – 19).
  • Leaflets on Suicide Prevention marking the World Mental Health Day was released.
  • SUMAN – Surakshit Matritva Aashwasam – A new initiative for zero preventable maternal and new born deaths was launched.

For Prelims-

India Carpet Expo

Context

The Carpet Export Promotion Council (CEPC) is organizing the 38thIndia Carpet Expo.

Highlights

  • The Carpet Export Promotion Council (CEPC) is organizing the 38thIndia Carpet Expo (15thin Varanasi).
  • It aims to promote the cultural heritage and weaving skills of Indian hand-made carpets.
  • India carpet expo is a platform for international carpet buyers, buying houses, buying agents, architects.
  • The Expo is organized twice a year in Varanasi and Delhi.
  • India Carpet Expo is one of the largest handmade carpet fairs in Asia.
  • The major carpet producing centres in India are in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, North East Region of India, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Telangana, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.
  • India exports 85-90% of its total carpet production.
  • India is exporting its handmade carpets to more than 70 countries in the world, mainly to the USA, Germany, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, South Africa, France, Italy and Brazil. Recently, exports have also started to China.
  • Germany and other European countries were the traditional markets for export of Indian products followed by USA.
  • The European markets have been fully developed and have reached saturation point.
  • Indian Handmade Carpet Industry is highly labour intensive and provides employment to over 20 lakh workers and artisans especially women directly or indirectly in the rural areas.

 

PIB – October 9 , 2019


GS-2 Paper

TopicIssues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

National Health Mission (NHM)

Context

The Union Cabinet has been apprised of the Progress under National Health Mission (NHM) and Decisions of the Empowered Programme Committee and Mission Steering Group of the NHM.

Key features of NHM Progress

  • There has been acceleration in decline of Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR), Under Five Mortality Rate (U5MR) and the IMR since the launch of the NRHM/NHM.
  • At the current rate of decline, India should able to reach its SDG target (MMR-70, U5MR-25) much before the due year i.e. 2030.
  • Malaria cases have declined by 49.09% and 50.52% in 2013 respectively compared to 2017.
  • Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) has been significantly strengthened and intensified.
  • Amongst the new vaccines, Tetanus and adult Diphtheria (Td) vaccine replaced Tetanus Toxoid (TT) vaccine under universal immunization programme in 2018 to ensure Diphtheria immunity among adults.
  • In 2018, Measles-Rubella (MR) vaccination drive was conducted in 17 additional States, thereby covering 30.50 Crores children till March 2019.
  • During 2018-19, Rotavirus vaccine (RVV) was introduced in additional two States. Till today, all the States/UTs are covered with RVV.
  • During 2018-19, Pneumococcal Conjugated Vaccine (PCV) was expanded to MP, Haryana and the remaining districts of Bihar, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
  • The routine and recurring incentives of ASHAs got increased from 1000 per month to 2000 per month.
  • Anaemia Mukt Bharat (AMB) Abhiyaan was launched under POSHAN Abhiyaan in April 2018.
  • Home Based Care for Young Child (HBYC) programme was introduced under POSHAN Abhiyaan.
  • The scheme for awarding States/UTs/Districts for achieving disease free status in TB/Leprosy/Malaria/Kala-Azar/Lymphatic-Filariasis/Cataract was approved.
  • National Viral Hepatitis Control Programme was approved for prevention, management and treatment of Hepatitis to A, B, C and E and rollout was initiated. This would benefit an estimated 5 crore patients of Hepatitis.

About NHM

  • National Health Mission (NHM) was launched by the government of India in 2013.
  • It subsumes the National Rural Health Missionand the National Urban Health Mission.
  • It was further extended in March 2018, to continue till March 2020.
  • The main programmatic components include Health System Strengthening in rural and urban areas for – Reproductive-Maternal- Neonatal-Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A), and Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases.
  • The NHM envisages achievement of universal access to equitable, affordable & quality health care services that are accountable and responsive to people’s needs.

The NHM have six components-

  1. National Rural Health mission ( now calledNRHM- RCH flexipool)
  2. National Urban Health Mission flexipool for population above 50000.
  3. Flexible poll for communicable diseases.
  4. Flexible poll for non- communicable diseases including injury and trauma.
  5. Infrastructure maintenance.
  6. Family welfare central sector component.

GS- 3rd Paper

Topic- Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Gagan Enabled Mariner’s Instrument for Navigation and Information (GEMINI)

Context

Government today launched the GEMINI device for seamless and effective dissemination of emergency information and communication on disaster warnings, Potential Fishing Zones (PFZ) and Ocean States Forecasts (OSF) to fishermen.

About GEMINI

  • The satellite based communication is the solution for the dissemination of such emergency information.
  • GAGAN (GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation) satellite system is being utilized by Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) with Airports Authority of India (AAI) to transmit the PFZ, OSF and disaster warnings to fishermen.
  • The GAGAN system is consisting of three geosynchronous satellites (GSAT-8, GSAT-10 and GSAT-15). 
  • GAGAN foot-print covers the entire Indian Ocean round the clock.
  • To receive the messages transmitted through the GAGAN satellites, INCOIS together with AAI developed a low-cost GAGAN system-enabled GEMINI (GAGAN Enabled Mariner’s Instrument for Navigation and Information) device.
  • It is electronically designed and manufactured by a private industry M/S Acord, Bangalore under Make in India Program.
  • The GEMINI device receives and transfers the data received from GAGAN satellite/s to a mobile through Bluetooth communication.
  • A mobile application developed by INCOIS decodes and displays the information in nine regional languages. 

Benefits of GEMINI

  • While PFZ Advisories provide information on the probable locations on fish aggregation in the seas, OSF provide the accurate state of the ocean.
  • Ocean State Forecasts include the forecasts on winds, waves, ocean currents, water temperature, etc. at every 6 hrs on daily basis for next 5 days.
  • It helps fishermen in maximizing their earnings, ensuring safety and in planning of fishing activities.

GS-2 Paper

Topic- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme (PMILP)- ‘DHRUV’

Context

Union HRD Minister launched the Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme- ‘DHRUV’ from Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Headquarters at Bengaluru,

About PMILP

  • Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme is being started to identify and encourage talented children to enrich their skills and knowledge.

Objective

  • The objective of the Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme (PMILP) would be to allow talented students to realize their full potential and contribute to society.
  • In centres of excellence across the country, gifted children will be mentored and nurtured by renowned experts in different areas, so that they can reach their full potential.
  • It is expected that many of the students selected will reach the highest levels in their chosen fields and bring laurels to their community, State and Nation.

Key features of PMILP

  • The programme will be called DHRUV (after the Pole Star) and every student to be called ‘DHRUV TARA’.
  • The students will thus both shine through their achievements and light a path for others to follow.
  • It will cover two areas e. Science and Performing Arts.
  • There will be 60 students in all, 30 from each area.
  • The 60 students come from across the country.
  • The students will be broadly from classes 9 to 12, from all schools including government and private.
  • This is only the first phase of the programme which will be expanded gradually to other fields like creative writing etc.

For Prelims-

India International Cooperatives Trade Fair (IICTF)

Context

First ever ‘India International Cooperatives Trade Fair’ to be held with the aim at achieving the goal of doubling farmers’ income.

Highlights

  • The first ever ‘India International Cooperatives Trade Fair’(IICTF) is going to be held at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.
  • IICTF is aimed at furthering Prime Minister Narendra Modi led government’s vision and goal of doubling farmers’ income by promoting cooperative-to-cooperative trade within India & abroad.
  • To promote exports of key agriculture commodities and products leading to enhanced rural and farm prosperity.
  • IICTF also offers a huge opportunity for the industry and business houses from India and abroad to build alliances, business networking, product sourcing.
  • The Fair is jointly organised by NCDC in association with the Bangkok based international organization (NEDAC).

Yuva Sahakar ­Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme 2019

  • National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) has formulated Yuva Sahakar ­Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme 2019.
  • The Scheme has an annual outlay of 100 crores. 
  • The Scheme is liberal to cooperatives in the North Eastern Region, cooperatives registered and operating in Aspirational Districts as identified by NITI Aayog, cooperatives with 100 % women/SC/ST/ PwD members.

 

CSE-2020 | Prelims Daily Quiz 80 & 81 Answers


Quiz 80 Answer

d) All of the above.

EXPLANATION –

The MOSAiC mission stands for Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate. It is a one-year-long expedition into the Central Arctic, planned to take place from 2019 to 2020.

For the first time a modern research icebreaker will operate in the direct vicinity of the North Pole year round, including the nearly half year long polar night during winter.

The mission will be spearheaded by the Alfred Wegener Institute in Germany. It is the largest ever Arctic expedition in history. India’s Vishnu Nandan will be the only Indian aboard the multidisciplinary drifting observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC) expedition.

The focus of MOSAiC lies on direct in-situ observations of the climate processes that couple the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, bio-geochemistry and ecosystem.


Quiz 81 Answer

Q.1

c) A battery-operated vaporizer pen similar to an electronic cigarette.

EXPLANATION –

A shisha-pen is an electronic cigarette variant. It operates in the same manner as an e-cigarette.

It can be disposable or rechargeable and refillable, and it is available with and without nicotine.


Q.2

d) All of the above

EXPLANATION –

NeAC will be an independent office that will look after the work of e-Assessment scheme which is recently notified for faceless e-assessment for income tax payers. NeAC will be headquartered in Delhi and will be headed by Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax.

E-Assessment scheme is to facilitate faceless assessment of income tax returns through completely electronic communication between tax officials and tax payers.

NeAC eliminates human interface between Assessing Officer and Assessee. New System optimises the utilisation of resources through economies of scale.


Q.3

a) 1, 2 and 4 only

EXPLANATION –

National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog has released the first edition of the School Education Quality Index (SEQI). It has been developed by NITI Aayog to evaluate the performance of States and Union Territories (UTs) in the school education sector.

Among 20 large States, Kerala was ranked first for overall performance on the quality of school education while Uttar Pradesh came in last.

Among smaller States, Manipur emerged as the best performer, while Chandigarh topped the list of Union Territories. West Bengal refused to participate in the evaluation process and has not been included in the rankings.


Q.4

c) 1 and 3 only

EXPLANATION –

Citizenship of India can be acquired by registration if, a person of Indian origin who has been a resident of India for 7 years before applying for registration.