PIB – September 14 , 2019


GS-2nd Paper

Topics Covered- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Community Radio Stations

Context

118 new Community Radio Stations are to be set-up.

About Community Radio Stations

  • Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting content that is popular to a local audience.
  • These are small (low power) FM radio stations with a coverage area of around 10-15 Km radius, depending on the geography of the area.
  • Presently, there are more than 180 community radio stations across India, broadcasting in languages like Bundelkhandi, Garhwali, Awadhi and Santhali — tongues that typically find little or no space on television.

Applications of Community Radio Stations (CRS)

  • Community Radio Stations act as essential communication channels for enhancing last mile of outreach of government.
  • CRS play a significant role in dissemination of agriculture related information, government schemes for people’s welfare, weather forecast etc.
  • Plans are underway to ensure expansion of the community radio network to each district of the country.

Aims

The Community Radio Support Scheme aims to achieve following objectives-

  • To strengthen new and existing CR Stations with resources, capacity and technology so that they could provide access and voice to marginalized communities.
  • To promote growth of CRS, especially in remote and rural areas, so that people living in these areas could have access to a meaningful medium of broadcast
  • To promote socio-economic and cultural development of communities as CRS is a powerful medium for social mobilization

Who can apply for a Community Radio Station?

As per the 2006 policy of the Government, followings are the desired condition for an organisation to operate a Community Radio Station (CRS)-

  • The Community Radio Station should serve a specific well-defined local community.
  • It should be a ‘non-profit’ organisation and must have at least three years of service experience to the local community.
  • The ownership and management structure should reflect the community which it serves.
  • It should only broadcast programmes that cater to the educational, developmental, social and cultural needs of the community.
  • The organization must be a Legal Entity. It should be registered (under the registration of Societies Act or any other such act relevant to the purpose).

Challenges against CRS

  • Community Radio Stations are facing lack of journalistic and technical skills.
  • The adequate technological and journalistic trainings are required to work CRS properly.
  • Community Radio Stations require right attitude, skills and equipment for its strength and popularity.
  • The lack of management skills, as well as some knowledge of financial management and income generation, is biggest hurdles for Community Radio to operate.
  • Community Radio Stations are small and often situated in locations where basic services, like a constant supply of electricity, are lacking.
  • Due to these conditions equipment suffers and needs to be vigorously maintained and/or regularly replaced.
  • There is also an absence of a clear regulatory framework in which Community Radio operates.

 Way forward

  • To work CRS effectively the community participation is essential.
  • For this at least 50% of content shall be generated with the participation of the local community, for which the station has been set up.
  • Programmes should preferably be in the local language and dialect(s).
  • The CRS license thus given by the government entitled them to operate a 100-watt (Effective Radiated Power) radio station, with a coverage area of approximately a 12-km radius.

GS- 2ndPaper

Topics coveredSalient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Uniform Civil Code

Context

Uniform Civil Code is enshrined in the article 44 of Indian Constitution.

About Uniform Civil Code

  • The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in India proposes to replace the personal laws based on the scriptures and customs of each major religious community in the country with a common set governing every citizen.
  • It is a generic set of governing laws for every citizen without taking into consideration the religion.

Constitutional Provisions

  • Uniform Civil Code is enshrined in the article 44 of Indian Constitution.
  • It is in the Part fourth and under the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) of constitution of India.
  • According to Article 44-
  • “The State shall endeavor to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India”.
  • Since the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are only guidelines for Stat so it is not mandatory to employ them.

Reasons for a Uniform Civil Code in India

  • A secular republic needs a common law for all citizens rather than differentiated rules based on religious practices.
  • Uniform Civil Code is crucial for gender justice.
  • The rights of women are usually limited under religious law, be it Hindu or Muslim. The practice of triple talaq is a classic example.
  • Many religious traditions and practices are at odds with the fundamental rights guaranteed in the Indian Constitution.
  • Courts have also often said in their judgements that the government should move towards a uniform civil code including the judgement in the Shah Bano case.

 The Pros and cons of Uniform Civil Code

The Pros

  • UCC provide equal status to all citizens of India.
  • It promotes gender justice.
  • It supports national integration.
  • It accommodates the aspirations of young population.
  • It bypasses the issues of reforming the existing personal laws.

The Cons

  • The application of UCC is practically difficult due to diversity of India.
  • The UCC can be seen as encroachment of religious freedom.
  • It enables the State interference in personal matters.
  • It is sensitive and tough task to implement.

Need of the hour

  • Need of the hour is the codification of all personal laws.
  • So that prejudices and stereotypes in every one of them would come to light and can be tested on the anvil of fundamental rights of the Constitution.
  • By codification of different personal laws, one can arrive at certain universal principles that prioritise equity rather than imposition of a Uniform Code.
  • It would discourage many from using the law altogether, given those matters of marriage and divorce can also be settled extra-judicially.

For prelims-

Jan Soochna Portal-2019

  • The first-ever public information portal has been launched in Rajasthan.
  • It aims to provide information about government authorities and departments suo motu to the public in the true spirit of the Right to Information Act.
  • The portal would ensure compliance with Section 4(2) of the RTI Act mandating the public authorities to disclose information in the public domain.
  • It will make to make government accountable and for that the people need not file applications under the law to obtain information.

Hindi Diwas 2019

Context

  • National Hindi Divas or Hindi Day is observed every year on September 14.
  • The Hindi Day is a celebration of the Hindi language and its cultural heritage and values among the people of the country and abroad.
  • On September 14, 1949 the Constituent assembly of India adopted Hindi as the official language of the country under Article 343.
  • Hindi is the fourth largest spoken language of the world.