PIB – September 6 , 2019


GS- 2 Paper

Topic coveredIssues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

‘Fit India’ and ‘Khelo India’

Context

Educational institutions to be partners in ‘Fit India’ and ‘Khelo India’: Vice President

About Khelo India

  • The Khelo India programme has been introduced to revive the sports culture in India at the grass-root level by building a strong framework for all sports in India and establish India as a great sporting nation.
  • Khelo India is a merger of following schemes-
  1. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Abhiyan (RGKA)
  2. Urban Sports Infrastructure Scheme (USIS)
  3. National Sports Talent Search Scheme (NSTSS)

Objective

  • It aims at mainstreaming sport as tool for individual development, community development, economic development and national development.
  • To accomplish the above objectives, Khelo India programme has been divided into 12 verticals.
  • These are-
  1. Play Field Development
  2. Community Coaching Development
  3. State Level Khelo India Centres
  4. Annual Sports Competition
  5. Talent Search and Development
  6. Utilization and Creation/Upgradation of Sports Infrastructure
  7. Support to National/Regional/State Sports Academics
  8. Physical fitness of school children
  9. Sports for Women
  10. Promotion of sports amongst people with disabilities
  11. Sports for Peace and Development
  12. Promotion of rural and indigenous/tribal games

 Rajiv Gandhi Khel Abhiyan (RGKA)

  • The RGKA was a centrally sponsored scheme. It was launched in 2014.
  • It replaced erstwhile Panchayat Yuva Krida aur Khel Abhiyan (PYKKA).
  • RGKA aimed at constructing sports complexes in each block and exclusively both for indoor and outdoor in different sports discipline for 5 years.

 Fit India Movement

  • The Prime Minister on the occasion of National Sports Day launched the ‘Fit India Movement’ as the People’s Movement & urged people to make fitness their lifestyle.

GS- 2 Paper

Topic coveredBilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

Context

7th RCEP Ministerial Meeting is being held in Bangkok from 8-10 September 2019.

About RCEP

  • The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
  • The member countries are Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
  • Its six FTA partners are China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand.
  • RCEP negotiations were formally launched in November 2012 at the ASEAN Summit in Cambodia.
  • RCEP is the world’s largest economic bloc, covering nearly half of the global economy.

Objectives

  • RCEP aims to boost goods trade by eliminating most tariff and non-tariff barriers.
  • To provide the region’s consumers greater choice of quality products at affordable rates.
  • It also seeks to liberalise investment norms and do away with services trade restrictions.

Significance of RCEP for India

  • RCEP is considered as an alternative to the other important multilateral treaty named Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).
  • The TPP agreement excludes two of the important Asian powers – China and India.
  • The RCEP provides an opportunity to establish greater economic stature of India among the other South Asian countries.
  • It can play an important role in the success of India’s Act East policy.
  • RCEP agreement would complement India’s existing free trade agreements with ASEAN nations and some of its member countries.
  • India will have access to vast regional markets of these countries thereby helping its economy.

GS- 2nd Paper

Topic coveredGovernment policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arisingout of their design and implementation.

Smart Cities Mission

Context

Smart Cities Mission Technology Showcased in Pune.

What is Smart City?

  • The conceptualisation of Smart City varies from city to city and country to country, depending on the level of development, willingness to change and reform, resources and aspirations of the city residents.
  • To provide for the aspirations and needs of the citizens, urban planners ideally aim at developing the entire urban eco-system.
  • which is represented by the four pillars of comprehensive developmentinstitutional, physical, social and economic infrastructure.

Smart City Features

Features of comprehensive development in Smart Cities-

  • Promoting mixed land use in area based developments–planning for ‘unplanned areas’ containing a range of compatible activities and land uses close to one another in order to make land use more efficient.
  • Housing and inclusiveness – expand housing opportunities for all;
  • Creating walkable localities –reduce congestion, air pollution and resource depletion, boost local economy, promote interactions and ensure security.
  • Preserving and developing open spaces – parks, playgrounds, and recreational spaces in order to enhance the quality of life of citizens, reduce the urban heat effects in Areas and generally promote eco-balance;
  • Promoting a variety of transport options – Transit Oriented Development (TOD), public transport and last mile para-transport connectivity;
  • Making governance citizen-friendly and cost effective – increasingly rely on online services to bring about accountability and transparency, especially using mobiles to reduce cost of services and providing services without having to go to municipal offices.
  • Giving an identity to the city – based on its main economic activity, such as local cuisine, health, education, arts and craft, culture, sports goods, furniture, hosiery, textile, dairy, etc;

About Smart Cities Mission

  • Smart cities to be selected through City Challenge Competition.
  • These cities are to be developed as satellite towns of larger cities and by modernizing the existing mid-sized cities.
  • Eight critical pillars of India’s Smart City Program are
  1. Smart Governance
  2. Smart Energy
  3. Smart Environment
  4. Smart Transportation
  5. Smart IT & Communications
  6. Smart Buildings
  7. Smart Health Hospitals
  8. Smart Education

Strategy

The four approaches are adopted for development of Smart Cities-

  • Retrofitting – Retrofitting will introduce planning in an existing built-up area to achieve smart city objectives, along with other objectives, to make the existing area more efficient and liveable.
  • In retrofitting, an area consisting of more than 500 acres will be identified by the city in consultation with citizens. Depending on the existing level of infrastructure services in the identified area and the vision of the residents, the cities will prepare a strategy to become smart.
  • Redevelopment- Redevelopment will effect a replacement of the existing built-up environment and enable co-creation of a new layout with enhanced infrastructure using mixed land use and increased density.
  • Redevelopment envisages an area of more than 50 acres, identified by Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in consultation with citizens.
  • Greenfield development- will introduce most of the Smart Solutions in a previously vacant area (more than 250 acres) using innovative planning, plan financing and plan implementation tools (e.g. land pooling/ land reconstitution) with provision for affordable housing, especially for the poor.
  • Greenfield developments could be located either within the limits of the ULB or within the limits of the local Urban Development Authority (UDA).
  • Pan-city development- envisages application of selected Smart Solutions to the existing city-wide infrastructure.
  • Application of Smart Solutions will involve the use of technology, information and data to make infrastructure and services better.

Way forward

  • The smart city proposal of each shortlisted city is expected to encapsulate either a retrofitting or redevelopment or Greenfield development model, or a mix thereof and a Pan-city feature with Smart Solution(s).
  • It is important to note that pan-city is an additional feature to be provided.
  • Since smart city is taking a compact area approach, it is necessary that all the city residents feel there is something in it for them also.
  • For North Eastern and Himalayan States, the area proposed to be developed will be one-half of what is prescribed for any of the alternative models – retrofitting, redevelopment or greenfield development.

GS- 2nd Paper

Topics covered– Women related issues.

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme

Context

The Union Minister of Women and Child Development felicitated districts and states which have successfully implemented the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme.

About

  • Haryana, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh were felicitated for improvement in Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB).
  • Ten districts selected for improvement in SRB were also felicitated during the programme.
  • The ten districts are-
  1. East Kameng (Arunachal Pradesh),
  2. Mahendragarh, (Haryana),
  3. Bhiwani (Haryana),
  4. Udham Singh Nagar (Uttarakhand),
  5. Namakkal (Tamil Nadu),
  6. Jalgaon (Maharashtra),
  7. Etawah (Uttar Pradesh),
  8. Raigarh (Chhattisgarh),
  9. Rewa (Madhya Pradesh) ,
  10. Jodhpur (Rajasthan).

About Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme

  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme was launched in January, 2015.
  • The scheme is aimed at promoting gender equality and the significance of educating girls.
  • The Scheme is targeted at improving the Child Sex Ratio through multi sectoral interventions including prevention of gender biased sex selection and promoting girls’ education and her holistic empowerment.
  • It is a tri-ministerial effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development.

Objectives

The objectives of the Scheme are-

  • To prevent gender biased sex selective elimination
  • To ensure survival and protection of the girl child
  • To ensure education and participation of the girl child

Significance-

  • The decline in Child Sex Ratio (CSR) from 945 in 1991 to 927 in 2001 and further to 918 in 2011 is alarming.
  • The social construct discrimination against girls on one hand, easy availability, affordability and subsequent misuse of diagnostic tools on the other hand, have been critical in increasing Sex Selective Elimination of girls leading to low Child Sex Ratio.

Child Sex Ratio

  • Child Sex Ratio is defined as number of girls per 1000 of boys between 0-6 years of age.
  • A decline in the CSR is a major indicator of women disempowerment.
  • The ratio reflects both, pre-birth discrimination manifested through gender biased sex selection and post birth discrimination against girls.

For prelims-

28TH Indo–Thai CORPAT

  • 28th edition of India-Thailand Coordinated Patrol (Indo-Thai CORPAT) between the Indian Navy (IN) and the Royal Thai Navy (RTN) is being conducted from 05 – 15 September 2019.
  • IN ships and aircraft of Andaman and Nicobar Command have been participating in the biannual Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) with the Royal Thai Navy (RTN) since 2003.

Objective

  • The Objectives of the Indo-Thai CORPAT are to ensure effective implementation of United Nations Conventions on Laws of the Sea (UNCLOS).
  • UNCLOS specify regulations regarding protection and conservation of natural resources, conservation of marine environment, prevention and suppression of illegal, unregulated fishing activity/ drug trafficking/ piracy, exchange of information in prevention of smuggling, illegal immigration and conduct of Search and Rescue operations at sea.