PIB – January 13 , 2020


General Studies-III

Topic- Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

Bamboo- A wonder grass

Context

‘Bamboo- A wonder grass’ a workshop and exhibition inaugurated in Jammu by Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region.

About

  • The workshop-cum-exhibition is being jointly organised by the North Eastern Council (NEC), Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), Government of India and Cane and Bamboo Technology Centre (CBTC), Guwahati, Assam and Department of Social Forestry, Government of Jammu and Kashmir.

Why it is in J&K?

  • Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir has huge Bamboo reserves that can boost its economy in future.
  • Bamboo cultivation can revolutionise the industry in Jammu and Kashmir in a cost-effective manner and can open new gates for the young start-ups.
  • The UT Govt. is in the process of identifying 100 venues and will identify the programs to be held there in the first phase.
  • Three new Bamboo Technology Parks in Jammu, Srinagar and Leh would be set up in consonance with the National Bamboo Mission (NBM).

National Bamboo Mission (NBM)

  • The mission was launched in April 2018.
  • It aims to-increase area under bamboo cultivation and also adopting region based strategies to promote bamboo products.
  • The NBM envisages promoting holistic growth of bamboo sector by adopting area-based, regionally differentiated strategy and to increase the area under bamboo cultivation and marketing.
  • The NBM will be a sub-scheme of National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) under the umbrella scheme Krishonnati Yojana.

Objective of NBM

  • To increase the area under bamboo plantation in non-forest Government and private lands.
  • To supplement farm income and contribute towards resilience to climate change as well as availability of quality raw material for industries.
  • To improve post-harvest management.
  • To establish innovative primary processing units near the source of production, primary treatment and seasoning plants, preservation technologies and market infrastructure.
  • To rejuvenate the under developed bamboo industry in India.
  • To promote skill development, capacity building, awareness generation for development of bamboo sector from production to market demand.
  • To re-align efforts so as to reduce dependency on import of bamboo and bamboo products.

Funding

  • 60:40 between Centre and State Govt. for all States (excepting NE & Hilly states),
  • 90:10 for the NE & Hilly States,
  • 100% for Union Territories/R&D Institutes/Bamboo Technology Support Groups (BTSGs) and National Level Agencies.

Why NBM is needed?

  • In India Bamboo covers 13.96 million hectares.
  • The mission has special cover the North Eastern States.
  • They encourage Bamboo cultivation to make sure the grass is available in the manufacturing process of Bamboo handicrafts.
  • Apart from North Eastern Regions, the mission is also spread across Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Uttarakhand, Karnataka, Odisha, Chattisgarh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh.

General Studies-III

Topic- Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C)

Context

The Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) was inaugurated by Union Home Minister recently.

About

  • MHA has rolled out a scheme ‘Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C)’ for the period 2018-2020.
  • It aims to combat cyber-crime in the country, in a coordinated and effective manner.
  • It will be set up under the newly created Cyber and Information Security (CIS) division of the MHA.
  • This state-of-the-art Centre is located in New Delhi.
  • At the initiative of Union Ministry for Home Affairs (MHA), 15 States and UTs have given their consent to set up Regional Cyber Crime Coordination Centres at respective States/UTs.

It has seven components:

  1. National Cyber Crime Threat Analytics Unit,
  2. National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal,
  3. National Cyber Crime Training Centre,
  4. Cyber Crime Ecosystem Management Unit,
  5. National Cyber Crime Research and Innovation Centre,
  6. National Cyber Crime Forensic Laboratory Ecosystem and
  7. Platform for Joint Cyber Crime Investigation Team.

Objectives

  • Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) will act as a nodal point in the fight against cybercrime.
  • To prevent misuse of cyber space for furthering the cause of extremist and terrorist groups.
  • To coordinate all activities related to implementation of Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties (MLAT) with other countries.

National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal

  • National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal is a citizen-centric initiative that will enable citizens to report cyber crimes online through the portal.
  • This portal was launched on pilot basis on 30th August, 2019

Functions

  • All the cyber crime related complaints will be accessed by the concerned law enforcement agencies in the States and Union Territories for taking action as per law.
  • it enables filing of all cyber crimes with specific focus on crimes against women, children, particularly child pornography, child sex abuse material, online content pertaining to rapes/gang rapes, etc.

Expectations

  • So far, more than 700 police districts and more than 3,900 police stations have been connected with this Portal.
  • After successful completion, this portal can improve the capacity of the law enforcement agencies to investigate the cases and will improve success in prosecution.

Why it is needed?

  • This portal focuses on specific crimes like financial crime and social media related crimes like stalking, cyber bullying, etc.
  • This portal will improve coordination amongst the law enforcement agencies of different States, districts and police stations for dealing with cyber crimes in a coordinated and effective manner.
  • MHA is committed to provide and create an eco system for dealing with the cyber crimes in a comprehensive & coordinated manner.

For Prelims

Refurbished Heritage Buildings in Kolkata

Highlights

The Prime Minister dedicated to the nation Four Refurbished Heritage Buildings in Kolkata.

These are:

  1. Old Currency Building,
  2. The Belvedere House,
  3. The Metcalfe House, and
  4. The Victoria Memorial Hall.

Biplabi Bharat

  • 3 of the 5 galleries of Victoria Memorial contain the memories of the Revolutionaries of Indian Independence Struggle.
  • PM named it “Biplabi Bharat”.
  • It will showcase leaders like Subhas Chandra Bose, Aurobindo Ghosh, Ras Behari Bose, Khudi Ram Bose, Bagha Jatin, Binoy, Badal, Dinesh etc
  • In memories of Subhas Chandra Bose a museum had been set up at the Red Fort in Delhi and an island in the archipelago of the Andaman & Nicobar had been named after him.

Centre of Heritage Tourism for the World

  • To protect and modernize its cultural heritage and structures the Union Government has taken up the endeavour to develop India as major centre of Heritage Tourism in the World.
  • In order to generate resources, take care of the management of these iconic cultural heritage centers, Indian Institute of Heritage Conservation would be launched.
  • Indian Institute of Heritage Conservation would be given the status of a deemed university.
  • Government of India is contemplating to set up a museum of “Coinage & Commerce” at the Indian Government Mint in Kolkata.