PIB – December 2 , 2019

GS- 2nd Paper

TopicIssues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO)


10th Indian Organ Donation Day organised by National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO)


  • National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) is a National level organization set up under Directorate General of Health Services.
  • Government of India has set up the National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) as a mandate of the Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011.
  • NOTTO carry out the activities for promotion of organ donation from deceased persons, putting systems in place for organ donation and transplantation and training the needed manpower etc.

It has following two divisions

  1. “National Human Organ and Tissue Removal and Storage Network”
  2. “National Biomaterial Centre”.

National Human Organ and Tissue Removal and Storage Network

  • This has been mandated as per the Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011.
  • The network will be established initially for Delhi and gradually expanded to include other States and Regions of the country.
  • Thus, this division of the NOTTO is the nodal networking agency for Delhi and shall network for Procurement Allocation and Distribution of Organs and Tissues in Delhi.


  • National Network division of NOTTO would function as apex centre for All India activities of coordination and networking for procurement and distribution of Organs and Tissues.
  • Registry of Organs and Tissues Donation and Transplantation in the country.

National Biomaterial Centre (National Tissue Bank)

  • The Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011 has included the component of tissue donation and registration of tissue Banks.
  • It becomes imperative to establish National level Tissue Bank to fulfil the demands of tissue transplantation including activities for procurement, storage and fulfil distribution of biomaterials.
  • The main thrust & objective of establishing the centre is to fill up the gap between ‘Demand’ and ‘Supply’ as well as ‘Quality Assurance’ in the availability of various tissues.


  • Coordination for tissue procurement and distribution
  • Donor Tissue Screening
  • Removal of Tissues and Storage
  • Preservations of Tissue
  • Laboratory screening of Tissues
  • Tissue Tracking
  • Sterilization
  • Records maintenance, Data Protection and Confidentiality
  • Quality Management in tissues
  • Patient Information on tissues
  • Development of Guidelines, Protocols and Standard Operating Procedures
  • Trainings
  • Assisting as per requirement in registration of other Tissue Banks

GS-2nd Paper

Topic- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

Controller General of Accounts (CGA)


Smt. Soma Roy Burman is the 24th Controller General of Accounts (CGA) and is the seventh woman to hold this coveted position.

About CGA

The CGA is the Principal Accounting Adviser to the Government of India.

Controller General of Accounts (CGA) is

  • The Principal Advisor on Accounting matters to the Union Government
  • Responsible for establishing and managing a technically sound Management Accounting System.
  • Responsible for preparation and submission of the accounts of the Union Government.
  • Responsible for exchequer control and internal audits.
  • CGA works under the Ministry of Finance, Government of India.
  • Though it itself is not a constitutional body,
  • It derives its mandate from Article 150 of the constitution which says-

“The accounts of the Union and of the States shall be kept in such form as the President may, on the advice of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India, prescribe.”


Controller General of Accounts derives his mandate from Article 150 of the Constitution.

This statutory mandate as incorporated in the Allocation of Business Rules 1961 brings out the duties and responsibilities of CGA as below-

  • General principles of Government accounting relating to Union or State Governments and form of accounts, and framing or revision of rules and manuals relating thereto;
  • Reconciliation of cash balance of Union Government with Reserve Bank in general and, in particular, of Reserve Deposits pertaining to Civil Ministries or Departments;
  • Overseeing the maintenance of adequate standards of accounting by Central Civil Accounts Offices;
  • Consolidation of monthly accounts and preparation of annual accounts showing under the respective heads, the annual receipts and disbursements for the purpose of the Union Government;
  • Administration of Central Treasury Rules and Central Government Account (Receipt and Payment Rules 1983);
  • Coordination and assistance in the introduction of management accounting system in Civil Ministries or Departments;

Important note

  • While CAG is a constitutional body, CGA is not.
  • While CAG is independent constitutional body, CGA works under Ministry of Finance and not a constitutional or statutory body.

For Prelims

Ordnance Factory Board (OFB)


Shri Hari Mohan takes over as Chairman, Ordnance Factory Board.

Ministry of Defence (MoD) clarified that there is no proposal to privatise Ordnance Factory Board (OFB).

About OFB

  • Indian Ordnance Factories is a giant industrial setup which functions under the Department of Defence Production of the Ministry of Defence.
  • Indian Ordnance Factories is headquartered at Kolkata.
  • It is a conglomerate of 41 Factories, 9 Training Institutes, 3 Regional Marketing Centres and 4 Regional Controller of Safety.
  • The ordnance factories form an integrated base for the indigenous production of defence hardware and equipment.
  • The primary objective of the ordnance factories is achieving self-reliance in equipping the armed forces with state of the art battlefield equipment.

Nagaland Statehood Day


  • Nagaland is a state in north-eastern India.
  • It borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam to the north, Myanmar to the east, and Manipur to the south.
  • The state is inhabited by 16 major tribes — Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Kachari, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Kuki, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sangtam, Sumi, Yimchunger and Zeme-Liangmai (Zeliang).
  • Each tribe is unique in character with its own distinct customs, language and dress.
  • English is the official language and the language of education.
  • Nagaland is one of three states in India where the population is mostly Christian.
  • Nagaland attained statehood with the enactment of the state of Nagaland Act in 1962.
  • Nagaland became the 16th state of India on 1 December 1963.