GS- 2 Paper
Topic covered- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
National Sports Day
PM launches the Fit India Movement on National Sports Day.
Fit India Movement Launched on the occasion of the National sports day, 29th August 2019.
National Sports Day in India is celebrated on 29 August to mark the birth anniversary of the legendary hockey player Major Dhyan Chand.
The National Sports Day is also known as the Rashtriya Khel Divas.
Schemes to promote sports in India
Fit India Movement
- The scheme will be launched on 29 August on the occasion of National Sports Day 2019 by Prime Minister Modi.
Khelo India Scheme
- The Khelo India Scheme was launched in 2016.
- It submerged three schemes – Rajiv Gandhi Khel Abhiyan (RGKA), Urban Sports Infrastructure Scheme (USIS) and National Sports Talent Search Scheme (NSTSS).
- Khelo India (National Programme for Development of Sports Scheme) aims to achieve the twin objectives of mass participation and promotion of excellence in sports.
- The scheme strives to promote “Sports for All” as well as “Sports for Excellence”.
- The scheme was revamped in the year 2017 with an aim to mainstream sports as a tool for individual and community development, economic development and national development.
Sports Talent Search Portal
- Sports Talent Search Portal was launched in August 2017 to spot the best talent among the youth of India.
- The portal allows young people to upload their achievements.
- Applicants who get shortlisted are then called for trials and the qualified candidates then get to take part in the schemes of the Sports Authority of India (SAI).
National Sports Development Fund
- The National Sports Development Fund (NSDF) was formed in November 1998 by the then Government to promote sports and games in India.
- The Fund was established under the Charitable Endowments Act, 1890 to administer the funds for sports activities, tournaments, competitions, infrastructure and training of the sportspersons.
High-level committee to address grievances of women sportspersons
- The Union Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports on constituted a committee under the chairmanship of AS & FA to address and resolve the complaints and grievances of women sportsperson in 2017 on the occasion of International Women Day (8 March).
- The committee comprise of athletes, advocate, a senior officer of the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports and a sports journalist. All the members of the Committee are women.
Empowered Steering Committee on Sports
- The Empowered Steering Committee (ESC) was constituted in January 2017 on the recommendations of the Olympic Task Force.
- The Committee is responsible for preparing a comprehensive action plan for effective participation of Indian players in the Olympic Games of 2020 (Tokyo), 2024 (Paris) and 2028 (Los Angeles).
Schemes of Sports Authority of India (SAI)
- The Sports Authority of India (SAI) is the apex national sports body of India, established in 1984 by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports of Government of India for the development of sport in India.
- SAI runs several schemes for promoting sports at junior and senior levels.
- The schemes being implemented by the Sports Authority are-
- National Sports Academy (NSA) Scheme,
- Centre of Excellence Scheme,
- National Sports Talent Contest Scheme (NSTC),
- Army Boys Sports Company Scheme,
- Special Area Games Scheme,
- COME and PLAY Scheme.
- Under the COME and PLAY Scheme, local people are encouraged to play sports and games at the SAI sports centres and trained by SAI Coaches.
National Sports Awards Scheme
- Every year, the Government acknowledges and honours sports personalities with the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, Arjuna Awards, Dhyanchand Awards, and Dronacharya Awards for their achievements and contributions as sportspersons and coaches in the field of sports.
Sports & Games for Persons with Disabilities Scheme
- Under this scheme, the differently-abled sportspersons are trained in their field for conducting sports competitions and assisting schools and institutes having differently-abled sportspersons.
Samagra Shiksha Scheme
- The Department of School Education and Literacy in April 2018 launched an Integrated Scheme for School Education – Samagra Shiksha after merging Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE).
- Under this new scheme, Sports and Physical Education component is included to provide funds for sports equipment of indoor and outdoor games in all government schools.
- The scheme aims for the holistic development of children by encouraging their active involvement in Sports, Physical activities, Yoga, and Co-curricular activities.
Target Olympic Podium Scheme
- The Sports Ministry launched the ‘Target Olympic Podium (TOP)’ Scheme in May 2015.
- The TOP works under the National Sports Development Fund (NSDF) to support the potential medal prospects for Olympic Games of 2016 and 2020.
- The main focus is given to Athletics, Badminton, Boxing, Archery, Wrestling and Shooting sports.
GS- 2 Paper
Topic covered– Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes.
North East Rural Livelihood Project (NERLP)
The North East Rural Livelihood Project (NERLP) has empowered rural poor and improved livelihoods of across the eleven districts of four states of Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim.
- NERLP is World Bank aided, multi-state livelihood project under the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER).
- It was launched in 2012. The project has been implemented in 11 districts of Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim.
- The project aims “to improve rural livelihoods especially that of women, unemployed youth and the most disadvantaged, in four North Eastern States”.
- The project also works in partnerships with expert organizations to focus on cluster development through value chains.
- The project has focused on five development strategies, namely-
- Social empowerment,
- Economic empowerment,
- Partnership development,
- Project management and livelihood
- Value chain developments.
- The project essentially aims at creation of CDGs/Community Development Groups, SHG Village Federations, Producer Organisations and SHGs/Self Help Groups.
- NERLP aims to nurture and building capacity of community based organisational leaders and involve them in participatory decision making and development process.
- NERLP also strives to provide financial support for promoting livelihood activities.
- It facilitates technical support, expertise and knowledge transfer through partnership and collaboration.
- It stresses on provision of vocational and skills training for self-employment and job placement.
- It provides necessary linkages for institutional finance and lead to the development of value chains on specific potential products.
- The project also aims at increasing income level of SHG members (minimum of 60% of them) and disadvantages households by 30% in the real term.
National Sports and Adventure Awards
The President of India presented the National Sports and Adventure Awards on August 29, 2019 on the occasion of National Sports Day.
- Paralympic silver-medallist Deepa Malik became the first Indian woman para-athlete and the oldest to be conferred the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award.
- Deepa Malik won a silver medal in the shot put F53 category in the 2016 Rio Paralympics,
RAJIV GANDHI KHEL RATNA AWARD, 2019
- Wrestling – Shri Bajrang Punia
- Para Athletics – Ms. Deepa Malik
DRONACHARYA AWARD, 2019
- Shri Vimal Kumar – Badminton coach
- Shri Sandeep Gupta – Table Tennis coach
- Shri Mohinder Singh Dhillon –Athletics coach
- Shri Merzban Patel – Hockey coach
- Shri Rambir Singh Khokhar – Kabaddi Coach
- Shri Sanjay Bhardwaj – Cricket coach.
ARJUNA AWARD, 2019
- Shri Tajinderpal Singh – Athletics
- Shri Mohammed Anas Yahiya – Athletics
- Swapna Barman –Athletics
- Shri Bhamidipati Sai – Badminton
- Shri S. Bhaskaran – Body building
- Sonia Lather – Boxing
- Shri Ravindra Jadeja – Cricket
- Poonam Yadav- Cricket
- Shri Fouaad Mirza – Equestrian
- Shri Gurpreet Singh Sandhu – Football
- Shri Chinglensana Singh Kangujam – Hockey
- Shri Ajay Thakur – Kabaddi
- Shri Gaurav Singh Gill – Motor Sports
- Shri Simran Singh Shergill – Polo
- Anjum Moudgil – Shooting
- Shri Harmeet Rajul Desai – Table Tennis
- Pooja Dhanda – Wrestling
- Shri Sundar Singh Gurjar – Para-Athletics
- Shri Pramod Bhagat – Para-Badminton
- Shri Manuel Fredricks – Hockey
DHYANCHAND AWARD, 2019
- Shri Arup Basak – Table Tennis
- Shri Manoj Kumar – Wrestling
- Shri Nitten Kirrtane – tennis
- Shri C. Lalremsanga – Archer
TENZING NORGAY NATIONAL ADVENTURE AWARD 2018
- Aparna Kumar
- Late Shri Dipankar Ghosh
- Shri Manikandan K.
- Shri Prabhat Raju Koli
- Shri Rameshwer Jangra
- Subedar Major Wangchuk Sherpa
MAULANA ABUL KALAM AZAD TROPHY 2019
- Panjab University, Chandigarh
- The prestigious Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy, instituted in the year 1956-57, is a running Trophy which is awarded to the university which has shown the best all round performance in sports.