After a long period of negotiations, spanning over a decade,recently India and the United States have signed the logistics pact.

LEMOA stands for Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA), a tweaked India-specific version of the Logistics Support Agreement (LSA), which the U.S. has with several countries it has close military to military cooperation.

It includes 3 foundational agreements in its ambit:

  • Logistics Support Agreement (LSA)
  • Communications Interoperability and Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA)
  • Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatial Cooperation (BECA)

They are meant to build basic ground work and promote interoperability between militaries by creating common standards and systems. They also guide sale and transfer of high-end technologies.

Advantage of signing LEMOA:

  • LEMOA gives access, to both countries, to designated military facilities on either side for the purpose of refuelling and replenishment.
  • India and the U.S. already hold large number of joint exercises during which payments are done each time, which is a long and tedious process. Under the new agreement, a mechanism will be instituted for book-keeping and payments and officials, who will act as nodal points of contact, will be designated on both sides.

Note: The above point on simplifying the payment and book keeping hassles are put to place in the scheduled joint military training exercise – Yudh Abhyas, to be held at at Chaubattia in Uttarakhand ( Sep/2016) and is the first military exercise after the two countries signed LEMOA. Therefore inline with the said objectives of the pact , accounting and book-keeping for the exercise will be done in a way which does away with the need for settling bills and payments every time. They will be recorded and cleared every three months to simplify the process.

( Flows from the second point ).

Areas to be covered under the pact:

  • Joint exercises
  • Port calls
  • Disaster Relief
  • Training and Humanitarian Assistance.

Any other requirement has to be agreed upon by both sides on a case-by-case basis.

Note: The agreement is NOT a basing agreement i.e. it does not cover stationing of US troops in India. This is completely logistical agreement.