[GS Prelims] Prelims Hacks – [2]


Consider this question asked in UPSC Prelims 2018:

With reference to Indian history, who among the following is a future Buddha, yet to come to save the world?

(a) Avalokiteshvara

(b) Lokesvara

(c) Maitreya

(d) Padmapani


About this question:

  • This question belongs to the ‘art & culture’ section.
  • Most of the candidates/aspirants did not know about some or all of the terms given in the options.
  • The tendency is to leave such questions – as aspirants look for absolute and one-to one mapping to mark such questions. here most important is to trust ones preparation if one has read basic and standard sources well.

HACKS to attempt this question with minimum risk:

  • It’s true that most of the candidates did not know about all the four terms given in the options.
  • However, if one properly goes through the ‘Fine Arts’ book on “ Art & Heritage’ NCERT Class 11th, one can find three of the four terms given which are – Avalokiteshvara, Lokesvara, and Padmapani.
  • If this NCERT is properly read, one can easily find that none of the three terms have any relation to ‘future Buddha’ i.e. reincarnation of Buddha. As NCERT would have mentioned such important fact.
  • So, we are left with only one unknown term i.e. Maitreya, which is the correct answer.
  • Hence one must have confidence that what all one has read – never had any such reference – so probably the term which was not seen before could be the answer.
  • But above conclusion can be reached – only when one has read NCERT closely.

Added standalone facts:

Successor : Maitreya

  • Maitreya , is regarded as a future Buddha of this world in Buddhist eschatology. In some Buddhist literature, such as the Amitabha Sutra and the Lotus Sutra, he is referred to as Ajita.

Predecessor : Kassapa Buddha

  • Kassapa Buddha, is one of the ancient Buddhas whose biography is of the Buddhavamsa, one of the books of the Pāli Canon.
  • According to Theravāda Buddhist tradition, Kassapa is the twenty-seventh of the twenty-nine named Buddhas and the third of the five Buddhas of the present kalpa.

The present kalpa is called a mahabhadrakalpa . The five Buddhas of the present kalpa are:
1.Kakusandha (1st Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
2.Konagamana (2nd Buddha -do-)
3.Kassapa  (3rd Buddha -do-)
4.Gautama (4th and present Buddha -do-)
5.Maitreya  (5th and future Buddha -do-)

  • In Buddhism – Buddhahood is the conditioned of being awakened.
  • In Buddhism, a Bodhisattva is any person who is on the path towards Buddhahood but has not yet attained it.

 

 

[GS Prelims] Prelims Hacks – [1]


Consider this question asked in UPSC Prelims 2018:

He wrote biographies of Mazzini, Garibaldi, Shivaji and Shrikrishna; stayed in America for some time; and was also elected to the Central Assembly. He was:

  1. Aurobindo Ghosh
  2. Bipin Chandra Pal
  3. Lala Lajpat Rai
  4. Motilal Nehru

About this question:

  • All four names given in the options can be found in any modern history book.
  • However, it is difficult for any candidate to observe the minute details related to each one’s lives while going through the book.
  • Still, this question can be answered by using some ‘HACKS’. (Calculative risk can be taken)

 HACKS to attempt this question with minimum risk:

Hack 1: When one goes through modern history even superficially, one come across the fact that Aurobindo Ghosh and Lala Lajpat Rai were very learned person as they wrote several books. While one don’t come across many books authored by Bipin Chandra Pal and Motilal Nehru (with respect to details mentioned in books). So, we can easily filter out Aurobindo and Lajpat Rai as the probable answers.

Hack 2: Further, one has read that Aurobindo stayed in England for his education. Even if one doesn’t know this he/she can ponder upon the fact that Aurobindo was a philosopher, so there are very little chances of him writing biographies. This makes Lajpat Rai the most probable answer.

Hack 3: Further, it is mentioned several times in books that Lajpat Rai had American connection. He went to US and Canada.

Hack 4: In those days, and even now, generally people belonging to Punjab had the American/Canadian connection. So, Lajpat Rai, being a Punjabi had the highest chance among all four to stay in America. Scholars from other regions in India generally used to go to England.

So, on the basis of the above hacks, one can easily eliminate Bipin Chandra Pal and Motilal Nehru, and go on to mark either Aurobindo Ghosh and Lala Lajpat Rai. However, if one further uses some more common sense or logic on the basis of his/her readings of few standard texts, one can finally come to Lajpat Rai as the most probable answer, which is the correct answer.


Added standalone facts about Lala Lajpat Rai:

  • Lala Lajpat Rai was greatly influenced by the Arya Samaj and its founder Swami Dayanand Saraswati. He wrote his biography (1899) and also a book on the history of Arya Samaj (1915).
  • On being elected as President at historic Calcutta Congress (Special) Session in September, 1920, he said, “There is no life without freedom and there is no Freedom without ‘Swarajya’ or self –government.
  • At the Nagpur Congress session in December 1920, he fully endorsed Gandhiji’s program of Non-cooperation with the British.
  • Lalaji established at Lahore the ‘Tilak School of Politics’ in 1920 and the Quami Vidyapeeth in 1921.
  • He founded the Servants of People Society (Lok Sevak Mandal )to work for social reform in May 1921.
  • He was arrested on 31st January 1922 and sentenced for two years rigorous imprisonment for participation in Non-cooperation movement.
  • He joined Swaraj Party in 1926 and was elected its Deputy Leader in the Central Legislative Assembly. He later resigned from the Swaraj Party in August 1926. On 16 February 1928, he moved the resolution in the Central Legislative Assembly refusing co-operation with the Simon Commission as the latter had no Indian member.
  • Lalaji was greatly influenced by the Arya Samaj and its founder Swami Dayanand Saraswati.
  • In collaboration with Mahatma Hans Raj,, he founded the DAV School at Lahore, 1886.
  • He founded Punjab National Bank along with Lala Harkishan Lal at Lahore (1894) and Lakshmi Insurance Company to give boost to export by Indian traders.
  • He was also closely associated with the Hindu Mahasabha.
  • He launched three English weeklies, The Regenerator of Aryavarta (1883); The Panjabee (1904) and The people (1925); an Urdu weekly Deshopkarak(1883) and an Urdu daily Bande Mataram (1920).
  • Assaulted by the police while leading a demonstration against the Commission in Lahore on 30th October 1928, he succumbed to severe injuries on 17th November 1928.
  • Lalaji died as martyr. Paying tribute to him Gandhiji wrote in Young India under the caption ‘Long Live Lalaji’: ‘Men like Lalaji cannot die so long as the sun shines in the Indian sky.”

 

[ Prelims Crash Course ] NCERT – Foundation Group – 2019


Short Story: – Rajulingam was building a house; He focused on each aspects of building like outer aesthetic, painting, lavish balcony etc. but ignored the foundation part. Mild earthquake came and his home collapsed.

Moral of the story:-

“Never ignore foundation”. One can ignore outer aesthetics but it is imperative to give more attention to the foundation part. NCERTs gives you rock solid foundation. NCERTs are like “Basic Structure” of the constitution, if you compromise with it, the ethos of your preparation/strategy and hence dreams would be compromised. NCERTs are “Keystone Species” of your preparation.

UPSC-CSE is an all India level exams and being a constitutional body it has to keep in mind that all the strata of the society; rich or poor, excluded or included, an aspirant  from Bihar or an aspirant residing in the Karol Bagh’s “posh slums”,  each have equal opportunity and fair chance of cracking this exam. Coaching institute’s monthly magazines are not available in Manipur’s kamjong area but NCERTs are. Pan India presence of the NCERTs makes it the “Gomukh” from where all the “holy” questions asked in the UPSC originates.

 

“One cannot build a great building on a weak foundation”.

              

“If you are done with NCERTs then sky is your limit.” But reading is not enough imbibe them. This program will help candidates in imbibing NCERTS.

Course and Fee description:-

Start Date – 4th March,2019 (Monday)
Program Fee:- 6000 (Exclusive of GST)

PLAN DETAILS


DaySUBJECTNCERTS
1ECONOMYCLASS 9 AND 10 (NEW)
2ECONOMYCLASS 11
3ECONOMYCLASS 11
4ECONOMYCLASS 12 (MICRO ECONOMY)
5ECONOMYCLASS 12 (MACRO ECONOMY)
6ECONOMYSANKARGANESH
7ECONOMYSANKARGANESH
8ECONOMYSANKARGANESH
9ECONOMYSANKARGANESH
10ECONOMYBUDGET
11GEOGRAPHYCLASS 6,7 AND 8 (NEW NCERT)
12GEOGRAPHYCLASS 9 AND 10 (NEW NCERT)
13GEOGRAPHYCLASS 11 AND 12 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY (OLD & NEW)

 

14GEOGRAPHYCLASS 11 AND 12 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY (OLD & NEW)

 

15GEOGRAPHYCLASS 11 AND 12 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY (OLD & NEW)

 

16GEOGRAPHYCLASS 11 AND 12 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY (OLD & NEW)

 

17GEOGRAPHYCLASS 11 AND 12 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY (OLD & NEW)

 

18GEOGRAPHYCLASS 11 AND 12 INDIAN GEOGRAPHY (OLD & NEW)

 

19GEOGRAPHYCLASS 11 AND 12 INDIAN GEOGRAPHY (OLD & NEW)

 

20GEOGRAPHYCLASS 11 AND 12 INDIAN GEOGRAPHY (OLD & NEW)

 

21GEOGRAPHYCLASS 11 AND 12 INDIAN GEOGRAPHY (OLD & NEW)

 

22GEOGRAPHYCLASS 11 AND 12 INDIAN GEOGRAPHY (OLD & NEW)

 

23HISTORYCLASS – 6,7,11 AND 12 (OLD) & CLASS – 6,7 AND 12 (NEW) (ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL)
24HISTORYCLASS – 6,7,11 AND 12 (OLD) & CLASS – 6,7 AND 12 (NEW) (ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL)
25HISTORYCLASS – 6,7,11 AND 12 (OLD) & CLASS – 6,7 AND 12 (NEW) (ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL)
26HISTORYCLASS – 6,7,11 AND 12 (OLD) & CLASS – 6,7 AND 12 (NEW) (ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL)
25HISTORYCLASS – 6,7,11 AND 12 (OLD) & CLASS – 6,7 AND 12 (NEW) (ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL)
26HISTORYCLASS – 8 AND 12 (OLD) & CLASS – 8 AND 12 AND SPECTRUM
27HISTORYCLASS – 8 AND 12 (OLD) & CLASS – 8 AND 12 AND SPECTRUM
28HISTORYCLASS – 8 AND 12 (OLD) & CLASS – 8 AND 12 AND SPECTRUM
29HISTORYCLASS – 8 AND 12 (OLD) & CLASS – 8 AND 12 AND SPECTRUM
30HISTORYCLASS – 8 AND 12 (OLD) & CLASS – 8 AND 12 AND SPECTRUM
31HISTORYCLASS – 8 AND 12 (OLD) & CLASS – 8 AND 12 AND SPECTRUM
32HISTORYCLASS – 8 AND 12 (OLD) & CLASS – 8 AND 12 AND SPECTRUM
33SCIENCECLASS 6, 7 AND 8
34SCIENCECLASS 9
35SCIENCECLASS  10
36SCIENCEBIOLOGY
37SCIENCEBIOLOGY
38POLITYCLASS 6,7 AND 8
39POLITYCLASS 9
40POLITYCLASS 10
41POLITYCLASS – CONSTITUTION AT WORK
42POLITYPOLITICAL THEORY
43POLITYPOLITICAL THEORY
44POLITYLAXMIKANT
45POLITYLAXMIKANT
46POLITYLAXMIKANT
47POLITYLAXMIKANT
48POLITYLAXMIKANT
49POLITYLAXMIKANT
50POLITYLAXMIKANT
51ENVIRONMENTBASIC CONCEPT
52ENVIRONMENTBASIC CONCEPT
53ENVIRONMENTBASIC CONCEPT

 

Prelims Test Series – 2019 [Comprehensive]

10 GS Tests + 2 Current Affairs Tests


ALL INDIA GS PRELIMS COMPREHENSIVE TEST SERIES – 2019

10 GS Tests + 2 Current Affairs Tests


Test No.

Date

Test 1

Feb 10 , 2019

Test 2

Feb 17 , 2019

Test 3

Feb 24 , 2019

Test 4

Mar 03 , 2019

Test 5

Mar 10 , 2019

Test 6

Mar 17 , 2019

Test 7

Mar 24 , 2019

Test 8

Mar 31 , 2019

Test 9

Apr 07 , 2019

Test 10

Apr 14 , 2019

Test 11

Apr 21 , 2019

Test 12

Apr 28 , 2019


Course and Fee description:-
Program Fee:- 3500 (Inclusive of GST)

(For aspirants belonging to North Eastern States and J & K, Fee:- 2500)
One can estimate the quality of the questions by attempting a full length paper .

Fill the Form if you want to give first test and send an email id to student@chromeias.com . Test will be activated.

Only ONLINE Mode Available.


DOWNLOAD PLAN – PDF – CLICK HERE


An aspirant from Phek district (Nagaland) or an aspirant residing in Karol Bagh (Delhi), which candidate has the fair chance of clearing Prelims ?

One of the beauties of “Digital India Mission” is that it has created a level playing field. Online materials are readily available, regular classes can be viewed but there is a vacuum as far as QUALITY “online test series” for prelims is concerned. We are glad to inform you that we are launching an online test series and in a small way we are contributing in establishing a scenario, where each aspirant has a level playing field.

No matter from where you belong to, be it a village in naxal ridden Dantewada district or ice ridden Dras in J&K, Dreams are same, action might differ.
Can miles truly separate you from your dreams???

Distance is an issue but distance between “You and Delhi” should not become a wall between “You and UPSC”. Your success depends upon how much you are willing to walk. How much you are willing to cover the distance. We are with you in this journey. Chrome IAS will act as a bridge between you and UPSC.
Why price has been kept low? Will it affect the quality of the questions?

Price has been kept intentionally low as the motto of this program is to give a level playing platform to all aspirants at PAN INDIA level and also to spread academy’s name so management has decided to keep this program at “ZERO PROFIT MODULE”.

The distance between dreams and reality is called action. So get up and read. So get up and realize your dream. Get up and conquer.

All the best !


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CSE-2019 | Prelims Daily Quiz 79

Question:

Q. Consider the following statements about the recently released Climate Change Performance Index:

1. This Index is published by the UN.

2. The Index takes into account a country’s policies on climate change.

3. India has got a rank in top 10 this year for its climate protection performance.

 

Select the correct statements using the code given below:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 3 only

b) 2 only

  • The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an annual publication by Germanwatch.
  • In determining a score, the Climate Change Performance Index looks at each country's progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, building up renewable energy such as wind and solar, energy use, and its climate policies.
  • India's ranking is 11 in the index.

CSE-2019 | Prelims Daily Quiz 78

Question:

Q. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the SDG Index recently released by the NITI Aayog:

1. It takes into account only 13 SDGs out of 17.

2. States have been ranked for their performance on a scale of 0 to 10.

3. The Index tracks progress of all States and UTs except J & K.

 

Select the correct statement/s using the code given below:

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 3 only

a) 1 only

  • The index comprises a composite score for each State and Union Territory based on their aggregate performance across 13 of the 17 SDGs.
  • The score, ranging between 0 and 100, denotes the average performance of the State/UT towards achieving the 13 SDGs and their respective targets.
  • The SDG India Index tracks progress of all States and UTs.

CSE-2019 | Prelims Daily Quiz 77

Question:

Q. Consider the following statements about the coal production in India:

1. According to latest data, India is the third largest producer of coal in the world.

2. India produces about 1000 million tonnes of raw coal annually.

3. Jharkhand is the largest coal producing state in India.

 

Select the correct statement/s using the code given below:

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 3 only

a) 1 only 

  • As per International Energy Agency (IEA), India was the third largest coal producer in the world during 2016-17.
  • The all India raw coal production has increased from 565.77 MT in 2013-14 to 676.48 MT in 2017-18.
  • The top most place is occupied by Chhattisgarh with a coal production of 127.095 Million Tonnes. Jharkhand with coal production of 113 Million tons stand at 2nd place.

CSE-2019 | Prelims Daily Quiz 76

Question:

Q. Remittances form a crucial aspect of a nation’s economy, Indian economy in particular. In this context, which of the following statements is/are True?

1. This year, remittances flow to India surpassed $100 billion.

2. Remittances constitute around 3 percent of India’s GDP.

3. One of the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) is related to remittances.

 

Select the correct statement/s using the code given below:

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

c) 2 and 3 only 

  • India will retain its position as the world's top recipient of remittances this year with remittance flow of USD 80 billion.
  • In 2017, remittances constituted 2.7 per cent of India's GDP. This year it’s around 2.9 percent of GDP.
  • Global remittances are expected to grow 3.7 per cent in 2019. Reducing global remittance flows to three per cent by 2030 is a global target under Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 10.7.

CSE-2019 | Prelims Daily Quiz 75

Question:

Q. With reference to the Partners’ Forum which was recently in news, consider the following statements:

1. The forum is largely related with the economy sector.

2. It was launched in 2010.

3. India is hosting this forum for the first time.

 

Select the correct statement/s using the code given below:

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 3 only

d) None of the above

d) None of the above

  • Partners’ Forum is a global health partnership to accelerate efforts to reduce child and maternal mortality, improve adolescent, child, newborn and maternal health. Thus, it is related with the health sector.
  • It was launched in 2005.
  • This is the second time India is hosting the Partners’ Forum.

CSE-2019 | Prelims Daily Quiz 74

Question:

Q. Dam Safety Bill is under the process of becoming a law. Consider the following statements in this respect:

1. About 75% of large dams in India are more than 100 years old.

2. The bill provides for State Dam Safety Authorities.

3. National Committee on Dam Safety will have no representation of States.

 

Select the correct statement/s using the codes given below:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) None of the above

d) None of the above

  • Of India’s 5,254 large dams, some 75% are over 25 years old, and 164 more than 100 years old.
  • The legislation provides for a National Dam Safety Authority and State Dam Safety Organisations (SDSOs).
  • In National Committee on Dam Safety, there will be representatives of the Centre and states (through rotation) as well as dam safety experts.