Gist of Editorials: Learning to compete (The Hindu) | GS – III

In 2013, India’s skill agenda got a push when the government introduced the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF).

Relevance : GS Paper III (Indian Economy)

[1000 words summarized to 200]


Pillars of skill development

There are five pillars of the skills ecosystem:

  • the secondary schools/polytechnics;
  • industrial training institutes;
  • private training providers offering short-term training;
  • 16 Ministries providing mostly short-term training; and
  • employers offering enterprise-based training.

Efforts towards skill development

  • All training programmes/courses to be NSQF-compliant.
  • National skill competitions, or India Skills
  • Participation in World Skills Competition
  • Abilympics for Persons with Disabilities.
  • Sharda Prasad Expert Group report

 Hurdles

  • industrial training institutes courses are not aligned with the NSQF.
  • NSQF has not been well accepted or adopted across India.
  • no clear definition of the course curriculum within the NSQF
  • no connection of tertiary level vocational courses to prior knowledge
  • no real alignment between HRD Ministry and Ministry of Skill Development

Way forward

  • need for more holistic training
  • need to re-examine the short-term NSQF-based NSDC courses.
  • reduction in complications caused by too many Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) anchoring skill courses
  • provide broader skills in broader occupational groups.
  • Consolidation of sectors with the National Industrial Classification of India.
  • India could learn a lesson from other nations such as Germany
  • Vocational education must be imparted in broadly defined occupational skills

Conclusion

Skill India needs a sharp realignment, if India is to perform well in the World Skills competition later this year.


 

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