Gist of Editorials: Cutting through the Smog (The Hindu) | GS – III

Relevance : GS Paper III (Ecology & Environment)

[900 words reduced to 150]

  • Air pollution in north India has largely been attributed to stubble burning.
  • Farmers are held responsible for the crisis but policies of the Central and State governments are at fault.
  • How to tackle stubble burning?
    • crop diversification towards less water-intensive crops
    • strengthen the production and marketing of alternative crops
    • providing farmers an investment support and withdraw price-based support
    • an app-based support system, to rent out tractors and farm implements
    • effective use of paddy straw
    • framers should be given options such as biomass generation
    • use of geospatial techniques to identify areas where stubble burning is severe
    • encourage installation of biomass plants in areas of high stubble burning
    • Incentivize farmers to sell the residual for additional income
  • Incidents of stubble burning can be averted by long-term vision and strategic policy interventions.