Gist of Editorials: A Shot in the Arm (Indian Express) | GS – II

Relevance: GS Paper II (Development & Welfare)

[850 words reduced to 250]

  • The under-five mortality rates In India have declined considerably from 126 in 1990 to 39 in 2017.
  • The journey of Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) has been further bolstered by Mission Indradhanush.
  • The importance of vaccines in India
    • Around 27 million children are born every year in India.
    • India also has the largest burden of under-five mortality.
    • 0.1 million children die due to rotavirus-induced diarrhoea .
    • Unimmunised and partially-immunised children are most vulnerable to diseases and disability.
  • Challenges to vaccination programme
    • Low full immunisation coverage (65 per cent),
    • limited basket of vaccines and,
    • quality and logistics of vaccine management
  • Mission Indradhanush
    • To hasten the coverage to at least 90 per cent till 2020, the Mission Indradhanush was launched in 2014.
    • seven vaccines would be given to all children and pregnant women who have missed out.
    • It would cover all far-flung areas.
    • To focus onto the least vaccinated areas, MI has been transformed into “Intensified Mission Indradhanush” (IMI)
    • There is a sharper focus on surveillance activities
    • It has led to increase to 7 per cent in full immunisation coverage in one year from 1 per cent in the past.
    • aims to achieve 90 per cent immunisation by December 2018.
    • aims to achieve SDG-3 by 2030
  • An immunisation programme is the most cost-effective public health intervention.