Essential Facts (Prelims): 22 & 23 January, 2019


Category: Miscellaneous facts

International Labour Organisation (ILO)  has published a report called ‘Future of Work’.

Swine flu

Category: Science & Technology

  • It is called H1N1 influenza.
  • It is highly contagious.
  • It is acute respiratory disease of pigs.
  • It is caused by type A influenza virus that regularly causes outbreaks of influenza in pigs.
  • Swine flu viruses do not normally infect humans.
  • However, sporadic human infections with swine flu have occurred.
  • Most commonly, these cases occur in people with direct exposure to pigs.
  • However, there have been cases of human-to-human spread of swine flu.

Debt-to-GDP ratio

Category: Indian Economy

  • K. Singh Committee has made recommendations on public debt.
  • Centre’s total debt as a percentage of GDP reduced to 46.5% in 2017-18 from 47.5% as of 2014.
  • The total debt of the States, however, has been rising over this period, to 24% in 2017-18, and is estimated to be 24.3% in 2018-19.
  • The N.K. Singh-headed FRBM (Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management) Review Committee report had recommended the ratio to be 40% for the Centre and 20% for the States, respectively, by 2023.
  • Outstanding liabilities of States have increased sharply during 2015-16 and 2016-17, following the issuance of UDAY bonds in these two years.


Category: Ecology and Environment

  • The Manipur government has a plan to set up a bird sanctuary at the Loktak lake.
  • Thousands of migratory birds flock to the Loktak lake, the largest freshwater lake in north-eastern India, every year.
  • However, in the past few years there has been a sharp decline in the number of migratory birds coming to the lake.
  • Birdwatchers blame human intrusion, bird poaching and hydroelectric power project near the lake for the decline in the number of migratory birds and brow-antlered deer in the Keibul Lamjao national park in the vicinity.
  • Keibul Lamjao National Park is the natural habitat of the endangered brow-antlered deer.


Category: Miscellaneous facts

France announced a fine of €50 million ($57 million) on U.S. search giant Google, using the EU’s strict General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) for the first time.


Category: World Economy

  • The IMF predicted the global economy to grow at 3.5% in 2019 and 3.6% in 2020.
  • The IMF also cut its 2019 growth forecast for developing countries to 4.5%.


Category: International Institutions

United Nations( UN) has published a report – The World Economic Situation and Prospects.

Yellow Fever

Category: Science & Technology

  • Yellow fever spreads through mosquitoes.
  • It is often associated with jaundice, hence the name yellow
  • It leads to death in a significant proportion of patients.
  • Yellow fever vaccine is known as 17D.


Category: Indian Economy

Ministry of Commerce & Industry had constituted a Group consisting of SEZ stakeholders under the chairmanship of Shri Baba Kalyani, to study the SEZ policy of India.