Great Indian Bustards (GIB)
- It is the country’s most critically endangered bird.
- It is the State bird of Rajasthan.
- The GIB’s last remnant wild population of about 50 in Jaisalmer district accounts for 95% of its total world population.
- No progress has been made on the proposal for establishing a captive breeding centre in Kota district and a hatchery in Jaisalmer for conservation of the State bird of Rajasthan.
Young Scientist Scheme
- It is ISRO’s project to reach out to students.
- Under the YSP, three students, 8th standard pass, would be selected from each of the 29 States and seven Union Territories.
- The students will spend one month at ISRO during which they will be given lectures, get access to research and development and will be given experience to build a satellite.
- Saturn’s rings may be a relatively recent addition, according to data obtained from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft.
- The findings challenge the notion favoured by some astronomers that the rings developed soon after Saturn formed about 4.5 billion years ago along with the other planets, including the earth.
- Others felt the rings were much younger, but lacked crucial data like their mass to estimate their age reliably.
- The ring mass turned out to be 45% lower than previous estimates based on 1980s data from NASA’s Voyager spacecraft. Lower mass indicates a younger age.
- Scientists suspect the rings formed perhaps when a large icy comet or moon ventured too close to Saturn and was shattered by gravitational forces or moons collided in orbit.
- India ranks third in the world in terms of high quality research publications in artificial intelligence (AI).
- China stands first.
- Animal Welfare Board of India is a statutory advisory body on Animal Welfare Laws and promotes animal welfare in the country.
- It was established in 1962 under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.
- It ensures that animal welfare laws in the country are diligently followed, provide grants to Animal Welfare Organizations and advises the Government of India on animal welfare issues.
- The Board consists of 28 Members. The term of office of Members is for a period of 3 years.