[CS-PFG BATCH -2] Monthly Result and Performance Rankings | March, 2019

CS-PFG 2019 | Monthly Result and Performance Rankings | February, 2019 | Dear Students, Monthly rank list has been attached in the mentioned PDF. Congratulations to first thirty students for availing scholarship. Kudos! Kindly visit center.


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*Marks of last Revision Test and Current Affairs Test not added in this result. These marks will be added in next month's result.


March month result pfg 2


 

Gist of Editorials: A Fight for the Forest| GS – II


Relevance : GS Paper II


Why has this Issue Cropped Up?

Supreme Court stayed its order on the eviction of forest dwellers.

Impact of the Order

  • The stay offers only a temporary relief.
  • It provides an opportunity to protect both nature and social justice.

Issues with Eviction

  • Lack of studies that quantify the deforestation caused by marginalized communities.
  • Concerns about the rejection process, outdated forest maps, etc.
  • Large companies are not treated strictly despite several violations .

Way Forward

  • Conservation actions must be based on the same principles as social justice.
  • Restriction of human activities must not result in injustice to marginalized.
  • District administrations must protect forest dwellers from exploitation.
  • Forest diversion by the powerful should not remain unchecked.

Conclusion

Conservationists should stand up for the welfare of both wildlife and forest dwellers.


 

Gist of Editorials: Next Stage in the Great Game| GS – II


Relevance : GS Paper II (International relations)


Why has this Issue Cropped Up?

International talks with the Taliban leadership has gained momentum.

India’s Involvement in talks with Taliban

In 2017, India protested against being cut out of the talks with Taliban leaders. It then negotiated to join them.

Valid Concerns

  • The last round of talks appeared to be held on the Taliban’s terms.
  • Agreements on ceasefire have now been made the last priority.
  • These talks have ignored the democratically-led government in Kabul.
  • The talks continue without acknowledging a role for India.
  • Taliban continues to carry out terror attacks in Afghanistan even during talks.
  • The prospect of chaos and civil war after the U.S. pullout from Afghanistan.

Can History be Repeated in Afghanistan?

  • Taliban would now not be able to overrun and hold any Afghan city as it did before.
  • Given social media and the progress in education, Taliban will not be able to control Afghans now.
  • Taliban can’t harm Indian interests in the country, given the special place India enjoys, amongst Afghans..

Way Forward

  • Direct talks between India and the Taliban at this point would serve little purpose.
  • India must leverage its influence to ensure a post-reconciliation vision among various sections.
  • India is host to a sizeable population of Afghans and an outreach is important.
  • Both India and Pakistan have a shared responsibility in Afghanistan post-reconciliation.
  • India should not lose sight of the bigger picture — it’s longstanding relationship with the people of Afghanistan.

Conclusion

Lack of ambition for the India-Afghanistan relationship would be much more detrimental to India’s interest.


 

Editorial Simplified: The Shape of an Urban Employment Guarantee| GS – III


Relevance: GS Paper III (Economy)


Theme of the Article

Such a programme will not only improve worker incomes but also have multiplier effects on the economy.


Why has this Issue Cropped Up?

India is in the midst of a massive jobs crisis. The unemployment rate has reached a 45-year high (6.1%) in 2017-18.


The Job Crisis

  • The unemployment problem is especially aggravated in India’s cities and towns.
  • Aside from unemployment, low wages and precarity continue to be widespread.
  • In urban India the majority of the population continues to work in the informal sector.

India’s Towns Ignored

  • India’s small and medium towns are particularly ignored in the State’s urban imagination.
  • Both State and Central governments tend to treat towns as “engines of growth” for the economy rather than spaces where thousands toil to make a living.
  • Programmes such as the Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (1997) that included an urban wage employment component have made way for those focussed on skilling and entrepreneurship.
  • National-level urban programmes such as the Smart Cities Mission and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) only benefit only a few towns.
  • Most ULBs ( urban local bodies ) are struggling to carry out basic functions because of a lack of financial and human capacity. Further, with untrammelled urbanisation, they are facing more challenges due to the degradation of urban ecological commons.

Way Forward

  • We need new ways to promote the sustainable development of India’s small and medium towns.
  • It is worthwhile considering to introduce an employment guarantee programme in urban areas. Along with addressing the concerns of underemployment and unemployment, such a programme can bring in much-needed public investment in towns.
  • In Madhya Pradesh, the new State government has launched the “Yuva Swabhiman Yojana” which provides employment for both skilled and unskilled workers among urban youth. Such programmes can be emulated by other States as well.
  • ULB should receive funds from the Centre and the State at the beginning of each financial year so that funds are available locally. Wages would be disbursed in a decentralised manner at the local ULB.
  • Urban employment programme should not come at the expense of MGNREGA but rather the two should go hand-in-hand.
  • Urban informal workers with limited formal education can undertake standard public works such as building and maintenance of roads, footpaths and bridges for a guaranteed 100 days in a year, at ₹500 a day.
  • “Green jobs” can be provided which include the creation, restoration/rejuvenation, and maintenance of urban commons such as green spaces and parks, forested or woody areas, degraded or waste land, and water bodies.
  • Further, a set of jobs that will cater to the “care deficit” in towns by providing child-care as well as care for the elderly and the disabled to the urban working class should be included.
  • Unemployed youth with higher education can assist administrative functions in municipal offices, government schools, or public health centres, and for the monitoring, measurement, or evaluation of environmental parameters.
  • Strong transparency and accountability structures — disclosure of information, periodic social audits, public hearing, timely grievance redressal for workers should be employed.

Conclusion

An urban employment guarantee programme not only improves incomes of workers but also has multiplier effects on the economy. Hence, the time is ripe for an employment guarantee programme in urban India.


 

Editorial Simplified: Passing ASAT| GS – III


Relevance: GS Paper III


Theme of the Article

ASAT is no substitute for the long overdue policy debate on India’s security challenges in outer space.


Introduction

India has become only be the fourth country to test an ASAT weapon after the US, Russia and China.


ASAT Tests by other Nations

  • The first ASAT tests by Washington and Moscow go back to the 1960s.
  • China tested its first ASAT weapon in 2007.

India Lags Behind

  • All three national which have done ASAT tests have stepped up their work on space weapons since.
  • Beijing and Moscow are said to be close to deploying space weapons.
  • In the US, President Donald Trump has announced the intent to create a space force that can fight wars in the dark yonder.
  • India has a long way to catch up.

Analysing India’s ASAT Test

  • India’s ASAT test targeted a satellite in a low earth orbit of 300 km.
  • It builds on its already demonstrated missile defence systems.
  • India has had ASAT capabilities for long previous governments had denied permission to develop and test them.
  • The test conducted is more about Delhi’s changing approach to space weapons than a great technological breakthrough.
  • One ASAT test based on modest technologies, however, is no substitute

India’s Earlier Stand on ASAT Tests

  • Although space has become an arena for great power jousting and the technology to build space weapons has advanced rapidly, India argued in international forums against the weaponisation of outer space.
  • Despite the growing dependence of India’s armed forces on communication and reconnaissance satellites, the civilian leadership has resisted the development of effective higher defence structures to manage the emerging space threats.

Conclusion

Delhi’s explicit demonstration of space weapon capabilities is welcome, but it must be part of a clearly articulated military space doctrine that identifies India’s political objectives and technological goals in outer space and the strategy to realise them.


 

Editorial Simplified: Consensus in Foreign Policy |


Relevance :  GS Paper  II (International relations)


Theme of the Article

India needs a measure of political consensus on regional policies.


Disadvantage of  Absence of Consensus

If the political classes choose to turn every problem in the neighbourhood into a domestic contestation, Delhi’s adversaries will continue to gain ground in India’s neighbourhood.


Introduction

One of the interesting foreign policy ideas that Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled early in his tenure, was to enhance the role of states in India’s engagement with the world.


States Division

The NDA government created a “states division” in the Ministry of External Affairs to facilitate the international interactions of the state governments on a range of issues — from promoting trade and tourism to attracting foreign investments. It has also hosted visiting dignitaries in state capitals.


Problem of Finding Common Ground : The Coalition Problem

  • The problem of finding common ground with state chief ministers on developing effective neighbourhood policies has not disappeared.
  • The decade-long UPA rule had seen some states wresting unprecedented control over foreign policy towards the neighbours.
  • In West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee wrecked a carefully prepared visit by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to Bangladesh in 2011. It brought into stark relief Delhi’s inability to deliver on initiated agreements such as Teesta water sharing , Land Boundary Agreement, etc and exposed the profound domestic weakness of the government.
  • In Tamil Nadu, the imperative of keeping the Dravidian parties happy made it hard for Delhi to pursue a sensible policy towards Sri Lanka. The worst moment came in 2013. Under pressure from Congress leaders in Tamil Nadu, including senior figures like P Chidambaram, PM Singh cancelled plans to attend the Commonwealth Summit in Colombo.

The Change: The Majority Government

  • Modi won an absolute majority in the Lok Sabha in 2014 and has had a stronger say in shaping the ruling party’s policies.
  • This had an immediate positive effect on foreign policy, for example, in relations with Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Modi overruled internal opposition in the BJP to the ratification of the land boundary agreement with Dhaka and ensured its early passage in Parliament
  • A majority in the Lok Sabha helped Modi to prevent the Sri Lanka policy becoming a hostage to Chennai politics.

Rival Politics not Always a Problem

  • Affiliation to rival parties has not always been a barrier for collaboration between the states and the Centre.
  • During his earlier tenure as the Congress Chief Minister of Punjab, Captain Amarinder Singh, worked with the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government at the Centre in launching sub-national diplomacy with the chief minister of Pakistan’s Punjab province.
  • Again, he has taken a responsible approach on the issue of Sikh pilgrimage to Pakistan.

Conclusion

Prospects for a sensible neighbourhood policy can’t rest solely on having single-party governments at the Centre and “responsible” CMs in the border states. India needs a measure of political consensus on regional policies.