PIB – December 11 , 2019

GS- 2nd Paper

Topic – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019


Lok Sabha passes the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019


  • The Citizenship Act, 1955 regulates who may acquire Indian citizenship and on what grounds.
  • A person may become an Indian citizen if they are born in India or have Indian parentage or have resided in the country for a period of time, etc.
  • However, illegal migrants are prohibited from acquiring Indian citizenship.
  • An illegal migrant is a foreigner who:
  1. Enters the country without valid travel documents, like a passport and visa, or
  2. Enters with valid documents, but stays beyond the permitted time period.


  • Illegal migrants may be imprisoned or deported under the Foreigners Act, 1946 and the Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920.
  • The 1946 and the 1920 Acts empower the central government to regulate the entry, exit and residence of foreigners within India.
  • In 2015 and 2016, the central government issued two notifications exempting certain groups of illegal migrants from provisions of the 1946 and the 1920 Acts.
  • These groups are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, who arrived in India on or before December 31, 2014.
  • This implies that these groups of illegal migrants will not be deported or imprisoned for being in India without valid documents.

Citizenship Act, 1955 amendment

  • In 2016, a Bill was introduced to amend the Citizenship Act, 1955.
  • The Bill sought to make illegal migrants belonging to these six religions and three countries eligible for citizenship,
  • The bill also made some changes in the provisions on registration of Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) cardholders.
  • It was referred to a Joint Parliamentary Committee, which submitted its report on January 7, 2019.
  • The Bill was passed by Lok Sabha on January 8, 2019.
  • However, it lapsed with the dissolution of the 16th Lok Sabha.
  • Subsequently, the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 is being introduced in Lok Sabha in December 2019.

Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019

  • The 2019 Bill seeks to make illegal migrants who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, eligible for citizenship.
  • It exempts certain areas in the North-East from this provision.
  • The Bill also makes amendments to provisions related to OCI cardholders.
  • A foreigner may register as an OCI under the 1955 Act if they are of Indian origin (e.g., former citizen of India or their descendants) or the spouse of a person of Indian origin.
  • This will entitle them to benefits such as the right to travel to India, and to work and study in the country.
  • The Bill amends the Act to allow cancellation of OCI registration if the person has violated any law notified by the central government.

Key features of Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019

  • The Bill adds two additional provisions on citizenship to illegal migrants belonging to these religions from the three countries.
  • The bill aims at providing Indian citizenship to 6 minority communities from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  • The communities are Hindu, Christian, Sikhs, Buddhist and Jain.
  • Currently for a person to get Indian citizenship, he should have resided in the country for 11 years.
  • The bill intends to amend this as 6 years.

Consequences of acquiring citizenship

The Bill says that on acquiring citizenship:

  1. Such persons shall be deemed to be citizens of India from the date of their entry into India, and
  2. All legal proceedings against them in respect of their illegal migration or citizenship will be closed.


  • The Bill adds that the provisions on citizenship for illegal migrants will not apply to the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, or Tripura, as included in the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution.
  • These tribal areas include Karbi Anglong (in Assam), Garo Hills (in Meghalaya), Chakma District (in Mizoram), and Tripura Tribal Areas District.
  • It will also not apply to the areas under the Inner Line” under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873.
  • The Inner Line Permit regulates visit of Indians to Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Nagaland.

Whether differentiating on grounds of religion is a violation of Article 14?

  • The Bill provides that illegal migrants who fulfill four conditions will not be treated as illegal migrants under the Act.
  • The conditions are:
  1. They are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis or Christians;
  2. They are from Afghanistan, Bangladesh or Pakistan;
  3. They entered India on or before December 31, 2014;
  4. They are not in certain tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, or Tripura included in the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution, or  areas under the “Inner Line” permit, i.e., Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Nagaland.
  • Article 14 guarantees equality to all persons, including citizens and foreigners.
  • It only permits laws to differentiate between groups of people if the rationale for doing so serves a reasonable purpose.
  • The question is whether this provision violates the right to equality under Article 14 of the Constitution as it provides differential treatment to illegal migrants on the basis of:
  1. Their country of origin, (b) religion, (c) date of entry into India, and (d) place of residence in India.


  • The bill has not mention Muslim community.
  • This according Article 14 is a violation of equality before law.
  • The article states that the government shall show no discrimination on grounds of religion, caste, race, sex or birth.


  • The bill lists the six religions, instead of the term “persecuted minorities”, which clearly excluded Muslims.
  • Recently the people of Tamil Eelam presecuted in SriLanka and Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar are seen fleeing to India and taking refuge here.
  • It fails to allow Shia and Ahmadiyya Muslims to apply for citizenship, who also face persecution in Pakistan.
  • It is not clear why illegal migrants belonging to religious minorities from these countries have been excluded from the Bill.

Wide discretion to government to cancel OCI registration

  • The 1955 Act provides that the central government may cancel the registration of OCIs on various grounds.
  • The Bill adds one more ground for cancelling registration, that is, if the OCI has violated any law notified by the central government.
  • It further states that orders for cancellation of OCI should not be passed till the cardholder is given an opportunity to be heard.
  • It may be argued that giving the central government the power to prescribe the list of laws whose violation result in cancellation of OCI registration, may amount to an excessive delegation of powers by the legislature.
  • The Bill does not provide any guidance on the nature of laws which the central government may notify.
  • Therefore, in the absence of standards, criteria or principles on the types of laws which may be notified by the government, it may be argued that the powers given to the executive may go beyond the permissible limits of valid delegation.

GS- 3rd Paper

Topics– Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

FAME-India Scheme


Incentive and Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles.

About FAME India scheme

  • FAME India scheme is a part of the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan.
  • Main thrust of FAME is to encourage electric vehicles by providing subsidies.
  • FAME-India Scheme is implementing by Department of Heavy Industry in order to promote manufacturing of electric and hybrid vehicle technology and to ensure sustainable growth of the same.
  • It is being implemented in two phases.
  1. Phase-I [Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid) & Electric Vehicles in India] from 1st April 2015.
  2. The Phase-II of the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid) & Electric Vehicles.
  • FAME-India Scheme proposes to give a push to electric vehicles (EVs) in public transport and seeks to encourage adoption of EVs by way of market creation and demand aggregation.

Phase-I of FAME-India Scheme

  • Under Phase-I of FAME-India Scheme, the Government has supported about 500 charging stations to establish electric vehicle charging stations in the country.
  • Out of about 500 charging stations sanctioned under Phase-I of FAME-India Scheme about 230 charging stations have been installed.
  • Further, Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) under the Ministry of Power has deployed 65 public charging stations for EVs in the country.

Key features of Phase-2 of FAME-India Scheme

  • FAME 2 scheme aims to boost electric mobility and increase the number of electric vehicles in commercial fleets.
  • The government will provide the incentives for electric buses, three-wheelers and four-wheelers to be used for commercial purposes.
  • The center will invest in setting up charging stations, with the active participation of public sector units and private players.
  • Projects for charging infrastructure will include those needed to extend electrification for running vehicles such as pantograph charging and flash charging.
  • FAME 2 will also encourage interlinking of renewable energy sources with charging infrastructure.


  • India needs auto industry’s active participation to ease electric mobility transition.
  • The auto and battery industries could collaborate to enhance customer awareness and promote domestic manufacturing.
  • Government needs to focus on a phased manufacturing plan to promote EVs, provide fiscal and non-fiscal incentives for phased manufacturing of EVs and batteries.

GS- 2nd Paper

Topic- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

Human Rights Day


The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) celebrated the Human Rights Day on 10, December.

About Human Rights Day

  • Human Rights Day is celebrated annually across the world on 10 December every year.
  • The date was chosen to honour the United Nations General Assembly’s adoption and proclamation, on 10 December 1948, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).
  • It was the first global enunciation of human rights and one of the first major achievements of the new United Nations.

National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)

  • The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India was established on 12 October, 1993.
  • The statute under which it is established is the Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA), 1993 as amended by the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Act, 2006.
  • It is in conformity with the Paris Principles, adopted at the first international workshop on national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights held in Paris in October 1991,
  • It is endorsed by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 20 December, 1993.
  • The NHRC is an embodiment of India’s concern for the promotion and protection of human rights.

The Human Rights Council

  • The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body created by the United Nations General Assembly resolution on 15 March 2006.
  • It has replaced the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
  • It is responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them.
  • It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year.
  • It meets at the UN Office at Geneva.
  • The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member Stateswhich are elected by the UN General Assembly.

Composition of NHRC

  • The National Human Rights Commission includes a chairperson and seven other members.
  • Out of the seven members, three are ex-officio members and four others are selected by the Presidenton the recommendation of a Selection Committee.
  • The Chairperson and the members of the NHRC have tenure of five years or the age of 70 years before the completion of his tenure.
  • The Chairperson or any other member of this commission can be removed by the President even before the expiry of their full term.
  • They can be removed only on the charge of proved misbehaviour or incapacity or both, if it is proved by an inquiry conducted by a judge of the Supreme Court.

Members of NHRC

  • A Chairperson- retired Chief Justice of India.
  • One Member who is, or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court of India.
  • One Member who is, or has been, the Chief Justice of a High Court.
  • Two Members to be appointed from among persons having knowledge of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights.
  • Additionally, the Chairpersons of four National Commissions,(1.Minorities 2.SC and ST 3.Women), to serve as ex officio members.

Functions of National Human Rights Commission

Comprehensive powers and functions have been given to the Commission under section12 of the Act.

  • To investigate grievancesregarding the violation of human rights either suo moto or after receiving a petition.
  • To scrutinize the failure of duties on the part of any public official in preventing the violation of human rights.
  • To interfere in any judicial proceedings involving any allegation of violation of human rights.
  • To visit any jail or any other institutionunder the control of the State Government to see the living conditions of the inmates and to make recommendations thereon.
  • To review the safeguardsprovided under the constitution or any law for the protection of the human rights and to recommend appropriate remedial measures.
  • To study treaties and other international instruments on human rights and to make recommendations for their effective implementation.
  • To undertake and promote research in the field of human rights.
  • To encourage the efforts of the non-governmental organisations working in the field of human rights.
  • To spread human rights literacyamong various sections of society.
  • To review all facts related to the activities of the terrorists which obstruct the way of the protection of human rights and to make recommendations for their effective implementation.

GS- 2nd Paper

TopicWelfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Measures to prevent Crime against Women


Government has taken for safety of women across the country.


Following are the Measures taken by Government to prevent Crime against Women-

Criminal laws

  • The Criminal Law (Amendment), Act 2013 was enacted for effective deterrence against sexual offences.
  • Further, the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018 was enacted to prescribe even more stringent penal provisions including death penalty for rape of a girl below the age of 12 years.
  • The Act also inter-alia mandates completion of investigation and trials within 2 months each.

Emergency Response Support System

It provides a pan-India, single, internationally recognized number (112) based system for all emergencies, with computer aided dispatch of field resources to the location of distress.

Safe City Projects

  • Using technology to aid smart policing and safety management, Safe City Projects have been sanctioned in first Phase in 8 cities (Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Lucknow and Mumbai).
  • The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has launched a cyber-crime portal on 20th September 2018 for citizens to report obscene content.

National Database on Sexual Offenders’ (NDSO)

  • MHA has launched the ‘National Database on Sexual Offenders’ (NDSO) on 20th September 2018.
  • It facilitates investigation and tracking of sexual offenders across the country by law enforcement agencies.

Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offences

  • In order to facilitate States/UTs, MHA on 19th February 2019 launched an online analytic tool for police called ‘Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offences’.
  • It monitor and track time-bound investigation in sexual assault cases in accordance with the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2018.

One Stop Centre (OSC) scheme

  • One Stop Centre (OSC) scheme is being implemented across the country since 1st April 2015.
  • It is exclusively designed to provide integrated services such as medical aid, police assistance, legal counselling/ court case management, psycho-social counselling and temporary shelter to women affected by violence under one roof.
  • As per available information, 728 OSCs have been approved by Government of India, 595 OSCs are operational in the country.

PIB – December 10 , 2019

GS- 1st Paper

Topic- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Zonal Cultural Centers


The Government of India has set up seven Zonal Cultural Centers to promote inter-State cultural development programme.


  • The Government is taking steps for promoting inter-State cultural development programme with a view to increase harmony among people of various States and communities.
  • Zonal Cultural Centers have been conceptualized with the aim of projecting cultural kinships, which transcend territorial boundaries.
  • The mandate of the Ministry of Culture is to protect, preserve & promote various forms of folk art and culture throughout the country.

To meet this objective, the Government of India has set up seven Zonal Cultural Centres (ZCCs).

Zonal Cultural Centers  Headquarter

North Central Zone Cultural Centre Allahabad

North Zone Cultural Centre Patiala

West Zone Cultural Centre Udaipur

North East Zone Cultural Centre Dimapur

Eastern Zone Cultural Centre Kolkata

South Zone Cultural Centre Thanjavur

South Central Zone Cultural Centre Nagpur


  • These ZCCs engage cultural troupes from different States to participate in the major festivals under National Cultural Exchange Programme (NCEP).
  • They organize various cultural festivals and programmes on regular basis in all the States/UTs of India including Rajasthan.

GS- 2nd Paper

Topic- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

GST Seva Kendras


GST Seva Kendras resolve complaints related to GST.


  • CBEC MITRA, a pan-India helpdesk, a national toll-free number and “GST Seva Kendras” have been established to resolve taxpayer grievances relating to Goods & Service Tax (GST).
  • Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) has a helpdesk to redress taxpayer grievances regarding the GST portal.

GSTN will be converted into a Government owned entity 

  • The GST Council resolved that GSTN will be converted into a 100% Government-owned entityby transferring 51% equity shares held by the Non-Government Institutions to the Centre and States equally.
  • The Union Cabinet decided to convert GSTN into a fully-owned Government company.
  • 50% equity of the company to be held by the Central Governmentand the balance 50% to be held by various States and Union Territories.

Goods and Service Tax Identification Number (GSTIN)

  • The Goods and Service Tax Identification Number (GSTIN) is the unique number each taxpayer will receive once they have registered on the common portal.
  • It is based on a taxpayer’s PAN.
  • GSTN was set up as not for profit, non-Government, private limited company in 2013.
  • It was established primarily to provide IT infrastructure and services to Central and State Governments, tax payers and other stakeholders for implementation of Goods and Services Tax (GST).


  • Its 24.5% was owned by central government and similar percentage is held by state governments collectively.
  • The remaining 51% owned by five private financial institutions-
  • ICICI Bank, NSE, HDFC Ltd, HDFC Bank and LIC Housing Finance Ltd.
  • Its revenue model after Goods and Services Tax (GST) was rollout out consisted of User Charge to be paid by stakeholders who will use the system and making it self-sustaining organization.

Functions of GSTN

  • GSTN is the backbone of the Common Portal which is the interface between the taxpayers and the government.
  • The entire process of GST is online starting from registration to the filing of returns.
  • It has to support about 3 billion invoices per month and the subsequent return filing for 65 to 70 lakh taxpayers.
  • The GSTN will handle-
  1. Invoices
  2. Various returns
  3. Registrations
  4. Payments & Refunds

What is the GST Council?

  • The GST council is the key decision-making body that will take all important decisions regarding the GST.
  • The GST Council dictates tax rate, tax exemption, the due date of forms, tax laws, and tax deadlines, keeping in mind special rates and provisions for some states.
  • The predominant responsibility of the GST Council is to ensure to have one uniform tax rate for goods and services across the nation.

Constitutional provisions

  • The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is governed by the GST Council.
  • The Constitution (122 Amendment) Bill, 2016, for introduction of GSTin the country was accorded assent by the President after it was ratified by 18 states.
  • The Constitution (101 Amendment) Act, 2016 adds Article 279A in the Constitution.
  • Article 279 (1) of the Indian Constitution states that the GST Council has to be constituted by the President within 60 days of the commencement of the Article 279A.
  • GST Council will be a joint forum for the Centre and the States.

Composition of GST Council

 It consists of the following members-

  1. The Union Finance Minister – Chairperson
  2. As a member, the Union Minister of State will be in charge of Revenue of Finance
  3. The Minister in charge of finance or taxation or any other Minister nominated by each State government, as members.

Mandate of GST Council

GST Council shall make recommendations to the Union and the States on-

  • The taxes, cesses and surcharges levied by the Union, the States and the local bodies which may be subsumed in the goods and services tax;
  • the goods and services that may be subjected to, or exempted fromthe goods and services tax;
  • model Goods and Services Tax Laws, principles of levy, apportionment of Goods and Services Tax levied on supplies in the course of inter-State trade or commerce under article 269A and the principles that govern the place of supply;
  • the rates including floor rateswith bands of goods and services tax;
  • any special rate or rates for a specified period, to raise additional resources during any natural calamity or disaster;
  • special provision with respect to the States ofArunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand;
  • One-half of the total number of Members of the Goods and Services Tax Council shall constitute the quorum at its meetings.
  • The Goods and Services Tax Council shall determine the procedure in the performance of its functions.

GS- 3rd paper

TopicSecurity challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

Arms (Amendment) Bill, 2019


Lok Sabha passes the Arms (Amendment) Bill, 2019


The Arms (Amendment) Bill, 2019 seeks-

  • To enhance the punishment for existing offences like illegal manufacture, sale, transfer, etc.;
  • Illegal acquiring, possessing or carrying prohibited arms or prohibited ammunition;
  • Illegal manufacture, sale, transfer, conversion, import, export, etc., of firearms.
  • The Bill seeks to amend the Arms Act, 1959.
  • It seeks to decrease the number of licensed firearms allowed per person and increase penalties for certain offences under the Act.
  • It also introduces new categories of offences.

Key features of the Bill

License for acquiring firearms

  • Under the Act, a license must be obtained to acquire, possess, or carry any firearm.
  • A person can obtain a license for up to three firearms (with certain exceptions, such as for licensed firearms dealers).
  • The Bill reduces the number of permitted firearms from three to one.
  • This includes licenses given on inheritance or heirloom basis.
  • The Bill also increases the duration of the validity of a firearm license from three years to five years.

Ban on firearms

  • The Act bans manufacture, sale, use, transfer, conversion, testing or proofing of firearms without license.
  • It also prohibits shortening of firearm barrel or conversion of imitation firearms into firearms without a license.
  • The Bill additionally prohibits obtaining or procuring un-licensed firearms, and the conversion of one category of firearms to another without a license.

Increase in punishment

  • The Bill amends the punishment in relation to several offences.
  • The Act specifies the punishment for
  1. dealing in un-licensed firearms, including their manufacture, procurement, sale, transfer, conversion,
  2. the shortening or conversion of a firearm without a licence,
  3. Import or export of banned firearms.
  • The Bill increases the punishment to between seven years and life imprisonment, along with a fine.
  • The Act punishes acquisition, possession or carrying of prohibited ammunition without a license, with imprisonment between five and ten years, along with fine.

New offences

  • The Bill adds news offences.
  • These include:
  1. forcefully taking a firearm from police or armed forces
  2. Using firearms in a celebratory gunfire which endangers human life or personal safety of others,

Celebratory gunfire refers to use of firearms in public gatherings, religious places, marriages or other functions to fire ammunition.

 The Bill also defines offences committed by organised crime syndicates and illicit trafficking.

Organised crime

  • “Organised crime” refers to continuing unlawful activity by a person, either as a member of a syndicate or on its behalf, by using unlawful means, such as violence or coercion, to gain economic or other benefits.
  • An organised crime syndicate refers to two or more persons committing organised crime.

Tracking of firearms

  • The central government may make rules to track firearms and ammunition from manufacturer to purchaser to detect, investigate, and analyse illicit manufacturing and trafficking.

GS- 3rd paper

Topic- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Green Good Deeds


‘Green Good Deeds’ initiative to promote environmental awareness.

About ‘Green Good Deeds’ initiative

  • ‘Green Good Deeds’ is a societal movement, launched by the Union Minister for Environment, Forest & Climate Change.
  • The ‘Green Good Deeds’ initiative is about simple, practical steps that students/teachers/citizens can perform in their day-to-day life towards protection of environment.
  • The BRICS Ministerial on Environment at Durban, South Africa, has agreed to include “Green Good Deeds” in its official agenda.
  • The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change had drawn up a list of over 500 Green Good Deeds.
  • The Ministry asked people to alter their behaviour to Green Good Behaviour to fulfil their Green Social Responsibility.


The purpose of the people-oriented campaign is to sensitise people and students, in particular about climate change and global warming.

For Prelims

72-metre all weather bridge


  • Jammu and Kashmir Lt Governor Shri Girish Chandra Murmu dedicated the 72-metre-long Multi Cell Box Type Load Class 70 Bridge to the Nation in Rajouri.
  • The bridge spans over Draj nallah and connected Draj Area to Tehsil Kotranka area under District Rajouri.
  • The Bridge is constructed by Border Roads Organisation (BRO).
  • Draj bridge is an important bridge for military as well as for socio-economic development of the Rajouri District.
  • This bridge will facilitate all weather and speedy movement of Army troops as well as locals.

PIB – December 9 , 2019

GS- 2nd Paper

Topic- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes.

Prime Minister Van Dhan Yojana


Trifed Celebrates 100 days of Prime Minister Van Dhan Yojana and Forges Association with Global Fashion Designer Ritu Beri.


  • Pradhan Mantri Van DhanYojana (PMVDY)’, is a national programme driven by TRIFED under Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
  • It aimed at empowering tribal all over the country to make them entrepreneurs.
  • TRIFED has partnered with UNICEF for promoting Van Dhan program through the tribal Culture, Craft, Cuisine and Commerce.
  • Tribes India has partnered with RituBeri.

Benefits of partnership

  • A partnership of one of India’s finest designers with the nation’s biggest promoter of tribal crafts and culture has immense potential.
  • By partnering with TRIFED as the Chief Design Consultant of Tribes India, Ms. Beri will help make Tribes India a household name with her demonstrated and well-established expertise in the fashion world.
  • TRIFED’s initiative #GoTribal with Tribes India will now find echo and resonance all over the country and the world under the aegis of Ms Beri.

What is Van Dhan Scheme?

  • The Van Dhan Scheme is an initiative of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED.
  • It was launched on 14th April, 2018 and seeks to improve tribal incomes through value addition of tribal products.


The scheme aims at- the economic development of tribal involved in the collection of Minor Food Produces (MFPs) by helping them in optimum utilization of natural resources and providing them with a sustainable livelihood.


  • The scheme will be implemented through Ministry of Tribal Affairs as Nodal Department at the Central Level and TRIFED as Nodal Agency at the National Level.
  • At State level, the State Nodal Agency for MFPs and the District collectors are envisaged to play a pivot role in scheme implementation at grassroot level.
  • Under this scheme, the Van Dhan Vikas Kendras constituted, provide skill up-gradation and capacity building training and setting up of primary processing and value addition facilities.
  • Locally the Kendras are proposed to be managed by a Managing Committee (an SHG) consisting of representatives of Van Dhan SHGs in the cluster.

Significance of PMVDY

  • Minor Forest Produce (MFP) is a major source of livelihood for tribal living in forest areas.
  • Around 100 million forest dwellers depend on MFPs for food, shelter, medicines and cash income.
  • PMVDY provides them critical subsistence during the lean seasons, particularly for primitive tribal groups such as hunter gatherers, and the landless.
  • This activity has strong linkage to women’s financial empowerment as most of the MFPs are collected and used/sold by women.
  • MFP sector has the potential to create about 10 million workdays annually in the country.

GS- 2nd Paper

Topic- Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Project SURE


  • The SURE project to set a sustainable pathway for the Indian fashion industry.
  • SURE stands for ‘Sustainable Resolution’ – a firm commitment from the industry to move towards fashion that contributes to a clean environment.
  • The project has been launched by the union Textiles Ministry, along with Clothing Manufacturers Association of India (CMAI); United Nations in India; and IMG Reliance.
  • This framework would help the industry-
  1. Reduce its carbon emissions,
  2. Increase resource efficiency,
  3. Tackle waste and water management,
  4. Create positive social impact to achieve long-term sustainability targets.

The five-point Sustainable Resolution of Project Sure

  1. Develop a complete understanding of the environmental impact of the garments being currently produced by our brand.
  2. Develop a sustainable sourcing policy for consistently prioritizing and utilizing certified raw materials that have a positive impact on the environment.
  3. Make the right decisions about how, where, and what we source across the value chain by selecting sustainable and renewable materials and processes and ensuring their traceability.
  4. Communicate our sustainability initiatives effectively to consumers and media through our online and physical stores, product tags/labelling, social media, advertising campaigns and events.
  5. Through these actions, shift a significant percentage of our supply chain to a sustainable chain by the year 2025, addressing critical global issues such as climate change, contributing to the UN Sustainable Development Goals, and building a world that is safe for the future generations, as an acceptance of a responsibility we all share.


  • It will address the needs of an increasingly conscious consumer who would prefer to buy from a brand that is environmentally conscious and engages in environmental protection.
  • It will also underline the need for collaboration across the sector in order to bring about innovation and transformative change.
  • Project SU.RE aims to contribute to the UN Sustainable Development Goals 2030, especially SDG-12 for responsible consumption and production.
  • This framework would help the industry reduce its carbon emissions, increase resource efficiency, tackle waste and water management, and create positive social impact to achieve long-term sustainability targets.

GS- 2nd Paper

Topic- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes.

Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana’ (PMBJP)


Union Minister for Chemicals and Fertilizers launched a mobile application “Janaushadhi Sugam”.


  • Department of Pharmaceuticals, Govt. Of India launched a campaign ‘Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana’ (PMBJP).
  • Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra (PMBJK) has been set up to provide generic drugs.
  • These are available at lesser prices but are equivalent in quality and efficacy as expensive branded drugs.
  • Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI) is the implementing agency of PMBJP.


  • It aims to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses through special kendra’s known as Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra.

Janaushadhi Sugam

  • Government has launced Janaushadhi Sugam, a mobile application.
  • It will be used to locate nearby Janaushadhikendra, direction guidance for location of the Janaushadhikendra through Google Map.
  • It will search Janaushadhi generic medicines, analyse product comparison of Generic vs Branded medicine in form of MRP & overall Savings, etc.

Significance of the Scheme

  • It will ensure access to quality medicines.
  • It would extend the coverage of quality generic medicines and reduce the out of pocket expenditure on medicines.
  • The campaign will create awareness about generic medicines through education and publicity so that quality is not synonymous with only high price.
  • It will create demand for generic medicines by improving access to better healthcare through low treatment cost and easy availability wherever needed in all therapeutic categories.

What are the Generic Medicines?

  • A generic drug is a medication created to be the same as an already marketed brand-name drug in dosage form, safety, strength, route of administration, quality, performance characteristics, and intended use.
  • Generic medicines are unbranded medicines which are equally safe and having the same efficacy as that of branded medicines in terms of their therapeutic value.
  • These similarities help to demonstrate bioequivalence, which means that a generic medicine works in the same way and provides the same clinical benefit as its brand-name version.
  • The prices of generic medicines are much cheaper than their branded equivalent.

For Prelims

8th National Photography Awards


  • Photo Division, Press Information Bureau, under the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, has invited entries for the 8th National Photography Awards.
  • The National Photography Awards are conferred under three categories
  1. Lifetime Achievement Award,
  2. Award for Professional Photographers,
  3. Award for Amateur Photographers.
  • The Lifetime Achievement Award carries a Cash Prize of Rs. 3,00,000/-.
  • Themes – This year’s theme for the Professional Photographers is ‘Life and Water.’
  • This year’s theme for the Amateur Photographers is ‘Cultural Heritage of India.’

Exercise Hand-In-Hand-2019


  • Exercise Hand-In-Hand-2019, is a joint training exercise between India and China.
  • The Eighth Edition of joint training exercise is being conducted at Umroi, Meghalaya.
  • The People’s Liberations Army (PLA) contingent from the Tibet Military Command& Indian Army contingent comprising of one Infantry company are participating in the 14 days long joint training exercise.
  • The exercise aims to enrich both the contingents from each other’s experience in counter – terrorism operations.
  • Besides counter-terrorism operations, discussions on Humanitarian Assistance & Disaster Relief (HADR) operations will also be conducted as part of the exercise.

PIB – December 7 , 2019

GS- 2nd Paper

Topic – Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States.

‘Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) Yojana


Around 7.6 crore farmers in the country have been granted benefit under the ‘Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) Yojana’.

About the PM KISAN Yojana

  • The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-Kisan)is a cash transfer programme for farmers.
  • PM KISAN is a Central Sector scheme with 100% funding from Government of India.
  • It has become operational from 1December, 2018.
  • Under the scheme an income support of Rs.6000/- per year in three equal instalmentswill be provided to small and marginal farmer families having combined land holding/ownership of upto 2 hectares.
  • Definition of family for the scheme is husband, wife and minor children.
  • State Goverment and UT Administration will identify the farmer families which are eligible for support as per scheme guidelines.
  • The fund will be directly transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.
  • There are various Exclusion Categories for the scheme.

Extended PM-Kisan scheme

  • PM-KISAN Scheme extension to include all eligible farmer families irrespective of the size of land holdings.
  • It extends the benefit of Rs 6,000 per year under the PM-KISAN scheme to all farmers in the country.
  • The revised Scheme is expected to cover around 2 crore more farmers.
  • It increases the coverage of PM-KISAN to around 14.5 crore beneficiaries, with an estimated expenditure by Central Government of Rs. 87,217.50 crores for year 2019-20.


  • Around 12 crore small and marginal farmer families are expected to benefit from this.
  • It would not only provide assured supplemental income to the most vulnerable farmer families, but would also meet their emergent needs especially before the harvest season.
  • It would pave the way for the farmers to earn and live a respectable living.

Concerns about the Scheme

  • PM-Kisan yojana completely disregards landless tenants and poor rural households that do not own land.
  • The amount transferred under the scheme accounts only a tenth of the production cost per hectare or consumption expenditure for a poor household.
  • The support is largely symbolic and not sustentative.
  • The cash transfer is not linked to the size of the farmer’s landholding.
  • There has been a huge delay in disbursements.
  • PM-Kisan provides for a timely intervention to support the farmer’s needs.
  • But this must not become the excuse for withholding the large structural reforms in agriculture the country is in dire need of, both in interests of farmers and consumers.

GS- 2nd Paper

Topic – Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States.

Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme


Weather based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS) is a unique Weather based Insurance Product designed to provide insurance protection against losses in crop yield resulting from adverse weather incidences.


  • WBCIS provides payout against adverse rainfall incidence (both deficit & excess) during Kharif and adverse incidence in weather parameters like frost, heat, relative humidity, un-seasonal rainfall etc. during Rabi.
  • It is not Yield guarantee insurance.

Crops covered

  • Major Food crops (Cereals, Millets & Pulses) & Oilseeds
  • Commercial / Horticultural crops

Farmers covered

  • All farmers including sharecroppers and tenant farmers growing the notified crops in the notified areas are eligible for coverage.
  • However, farmers should have insurable interest on the insured crop.
  • The non-loanee farmers are required to submit necessary documentary evidence of land records and / or applicable contract / agreements details (in case of sharecroppers / tenant farmers).
  • All farmers availing Seasonal Agricultural Operations (SAO) loans from Financial Institutions (i.e. loanee farmers) for the crop(s) notified are covered on compulsory basis.
  • The Scheme is optional for the non-loanee farmers. They can choose between WBCIS and PMFBY, and also the insurance company.

Perils Covered

  • Rainfall– Deficit Rainfall, Excess rainfall, Unseasonal Rainfall, Rainy days, Dry-spell, Dry days
  • Relative Humidity
  • Temperature– High temperature (heat), Low temperature

Wind Speed

  • A combination of the above
  • Hailstorms, cloud-burst may also be covered as Add-on/Index-Plus products for those farmers who have already taken normal coverage under WBCIS.
  • The perils listed above are only indicative and not exhaustive, any addition deletion may be considered by insurance companies based on availability of relevant data.
  • Both public sector and private sectorGeneral Insurance Companies can implement WBCIS.
    Under Restructured Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (RWBCIS),
  • There is one premium rate on pan-Indiabasis for farmers which are maximum 1.5%, 2% and 5% of sum insured for Rabi, Kharif and annual horticultural/ commercial crops, respectively.

GS- 2nd Paper

Topic – Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States.

Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS)


 The Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS) is targeted at development of Mega Handloom Clusters in clearly identifiable geographical locations.


The CHCDS has been formulated by merging all the major components of other schemes, i.e.

1.Integrated Handlooms Development scheme (IHDS)

2.Market and Export Promotion Scheme (MEPS)

3.Diversified Handloom Development Scheme (DHDS)

  • The CHCDS will follow a need based approach for the integrated and holistic development of handlooms and welfare of handloom weavers.


  • To enhance the competitiveness of selected two clusters in terms of increased market share and ensuring increased productivity by higher unit value realization of the products.
  • To ensure effective integration of scattered artisans, building their grass roots enterprises and linking them to SMEs in the sector to build critical mass for customized interventions and ensure economies of scale in operations.
  • To generate additional livelihood opportunities to the people through specific intervention in segmental sub sector industry and increase the incomes to the artisans/craftsmen already engaged in this sector.
  • To provide requisite support/ linkages in terms of adequate infrastructure, technology, product diversification, design development, raw material banks, marketing & promotion, social security and other components that are vital for sustainability of artisans/craftsmen engaged in the Handicrafts sector.

The core elements of the strategy

  • The core elements of the strategy for the proposed program are given below
  • Convergence of the resources available under various ongoing schemes of the Central Government.
  • Public Private Partnership (PPP) model in the form of collaboration between the Central/State Governments, beneficiary artisans & their groups, financially creditworthy & commercially linked marketing enterprises and the financial Institutions.
  • Proactive and strong technical and program management assistance for capacity building, designing of the interventions and their implementation, through a competent professional agency.

For Prelims

National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT)


New National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) campuses at Panchkula (Haryana) and Ranchi (Jharkhand) have been approved by the Board of Governors of NIFT.

About NIFT

  • NIFT is the pioneering institute of fashion education in the country and has been in the vanguard of providing professional human resource to the textile and apparel industry.
  • It was setup 1986.
  • It was made a statutory institute in 2006 by an Act of the Indian Parliament.
  • Over the years NIFT has been working as a knowledge service provider to the Union and State governments in the area of design development and positioning of handlooms and handicrafts.

4th India Water Impact Summit


  • 4th India Water Impact Summit is organized by Ministry of Jal Shakti, and the Centre for Ganga River Basin Management and Studies (cGanga) led by IIT Kanpur.
  • The Summit this year will focus on integrated water resources management in urban and rural settings in order to achieve the Government’s goal of providing water to every household in the next 5 years.
  • The Summit will also host the 2nd “Water Finance Forum”.
  • It will bring together global financial institutions and investors keen on investing in the rejuvenation of the largest environmental programme.

[Registration Open for Entrance Test] Civil Services – Prelims Focus Group (CS-PFG) Batch -2, 2020 (To be Conducted on 29th December, 2019)

Entrance Test – 29th December

Any Query Related Contact / Whats app – 9773732309

Fill in the Details – CLICK HERE

Pay the Entrance Test Fees (200 Rs /-) – CLICK HERE

Click Here to Download The Program Details

Batch Starts – 6th January

[Limited Seats]

The Most Authentic MCQ Based Program and perhaps The ONLY Test Program You need , to Clear PRELIMS !!! 

Salient Features of this Programme

  • 4 subjective (MAINS) questions on the syllabus of same day PFG test.
  • Weekly Essay and Ethics Test.
  • Scholarship For First 50 Ranks
  • 70 + Module Wise Tests, 8+ Full Length Tests, 6 Current Affairs Based Tests ,4 FULL CSAT Test.
  • 4 Tests per Week.
  • 40 Questions per Test.
  • 3 Rounds of Revisions of each Module.
  • UPSC Previous year’s Practice Papers.
  • In the last Month full length Tests will be conducted.
  • Daily Ranking.
  • Available in both ONLINE / OFFLINE modes.
  • Detailed solutions would be provided.
  • Dedicated 24*7 Doubts Removal Portal.
  • Regular meet ups once in a month.
  • Surprise tests to check your preparedness.
  • More focus on analytical types of questions and strictly on the patterns of UPSC.
  • SWOT based monthly report card.

Selection or Elimination?

It is said that at prelims stage UPSC eliminates aspirants but selects at mains and interview.

Some of the notions associated with Prelims:-

  • One wrong bubble can change your destiny.
  • NCERTs and The Hindu are losing their importance.
  • No topper have claimed to know more than 40-50 questions and rest of the questions they solve with elimination technology.
  • Some rely more on accuracy Siddharth Jain Rank 11, 2017 claimed he never used to attempt more than 72-75 but still managed to get score more than 120, While others are more dependent on quantity!
  • There is no need to join any test series, one can take the tests from market and practice at home.

One may agree or disagree with the above notions but, one notion is ultimate truth that UPSC in prelims stage is unpredictable, dicey, incomprehensible, luck dependent (if on the borderline).

3 Category of Students after Prelims:-

Category 1:- Who scores way less than the predicted/rumoured cutoff, what they should do is watch some Netflix series from friends account, relax and prepare for next year.

Category 2:- Borderline guys. What they get is sleepless nights, chills and become religious in the hope to get 3-4 questions right by god’s grace. Even if they qualify but they tend to waste precious 45-50 days between prelims date and its result in anticipation of result and by that time one-third of time is gone.

Category 3:- 5-10 marks more than predicted cutoff. What they get is immense confidence, satisfaction and hope. They enroll themselves in some mains test series. These category students are ahead of their counterparts in the 2nd category.

Gone are those days where 3-4 months were enough to crack prelims, but, in these days where competition is immense along with number of seats are on decline, vague nature of questions this exam has really become a herculean task. (You guys are going to compete with doctors from AIIMS, IIM/IIT graduates, a dedicated guy living in some corner of Bihar whose only dream is to become IAS and also professionals from colleges all over India.

One size fits all approach of prelimswill not work for everyone. Because, challenges are unique for everyone. Ex. Some guys face problems in CSAT while some struggles in History.

What needs to be done:-

1) Be motivated and disciplined:- With punctuality comes discipline. This program offers you the much needed sincerity and punctuality to keep your preparation on right track.

2) Quality as well as quantity:- In this module there will be 4 tests per week which will run for 4 months. There will be approximately more than 70 tests in all , wherein you will learn and touch new areas and also practice the art of ‘MCQ Aptitude’ . Last year we have successfully conducted similar program with the success ratio of more than 35%.  In the last month full length test will be conducted.

3) Have faith in us and believe in yourself:Mutualism works, always!

4) Only request from our side:- Try not to postpone the tests, If you want to be in race don’t get out of the track for a moment. Punctuality is one of the three tenets of this program other two being quality and quantity. Even if you are not prepared to give exams, it will be surely beneficial to you.

Please wait – Program is Loading …

Civil Services Prelims Focus Group Batch 2 Syllabus

CS – PFG is a dedicated program for all aspirants . Here is the chance to prepare yourself in a most rigorous manner  for PRELIMS 2020 and nourish your dream of being a Civil Servant

PIB – December 6 , 2019

GS-3 Paper

Topic- Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

India based Neutrino Observatory


The India based Neutrino Observatory (INO) is being planned in the Theni district in Tamil Nadu.

What is the INO Project?

  • India based Neutrino Observatory (INO) Project is aimed at building a world-class underground laboratory with a rock-cover to conduct basic research on neutrino.
  • The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research is the nodal institution.
  • The observatory is to be built jointly with the Department of Atomic Energy and the Department of Science and Technology.
  • The observatory will be located underground so as to provide adequate shielding to the neutrino detector from cosmic background radiation.
  • The operation of INO will have no release of radioactive or toxic substances.
  • It is not a weapons laboratory and will have no strategic or defence applications.

Key components of INO Project

  • Under the Project an underground laboratory and associated surface facilities will be constructed at Pottipuram in Bodi West hills of Theni District of Tamil Nadu.
  • An Iron Calorimeter (ICAL) detector for studying neutrinos will be constructed.
  • Setting up of National Centre for High Energy Physics at Madurai,
  • It will be used for the operation and maintenance of the underground laboratory, human resource development and detector R&D along with its applications.

What is the ‘Neutrino’?

  • A neutrino is a subatomic particle that is very similar to an electron, but has no electrical charge and a very small mass, which might even be zero.
  • Neutrinos are one of the most abundant particles in the universe.
  • Because they have very little interaction with matter, however, they are incredibly difficult to detect.
  • Nuclear forces treat electrons and neutrinos identically; neither participate in the strong nuclear force, but both participate equally in the weak nuclear force.
  • Particles with this property are termed leptons.
  • It interacts very weakly with other matter particles. So weakly that every second trillions of neutrinos fall on us and pass through our bodies unnoticed.
  • Neutrinos come from the sun (solar neutrinos) and other stars, cosmic rays that come from beyond the solar system, and from the Big Bang from which our Universe originated.
  • They can also be produced in the lab.
  • The INO will study atmospheric neutrinos only. Solar neutrinos have much lower energy than the detector can detect.


  • There has been opposition from some sections of the local populace.
  • The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has upheld the environmental clearance granted to the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO).
  • According to Environmentalists such massive scale of construction underground, and controlled blasts, the vibrations from the explosions will badly affect the ecologically fragile Western Ghats.
  • The site is near the Kerala-Tamilnadu border is close to the Mathikettan Shola National Park.
  • It is also near the number of hydroelectric projects, which accounts for the majority of the electricity generation in Kerala.

GS-3 Paper

Topic- Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

BRICS remote Sensing Satellite Constellation


The space agencies of BRICS nations have been negotiating a Framework Agreement to formalize the cooperation on building a BRICS space agencies.


  • The five Brics countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – agreed to create a Brics Remote Sensing Satellite Constellation.
  • This will be the first substantive Brics cooperation in space research.

How it will be done?

  • It is currently proposed that the Brics Remote Sensing Satellite Constellation be implemented in two phases.
  • Phase 1– would create a remote sensing data sharing system, making the data from each of the member countries’ existing Earth observation (EO) satellites available to all the other members as well.
  • Phase 1 is described as creating a virtual constellation.
  • Phase 2-, which will be further discussed and defined in the near future, will involve the creation of a new EO satellite constellation.
  • The space agencies of the five countries agreed that its implementation would be a concrete move in developing high-technology cooperation within the group.
  • It will also assist all of them to reach their sustainable development goals as well as other social and economic objectives.
  • It is further expected that this project will re-stimulate the strategic partnership between the five countries.

The space agencies involved

The five space agencies involved are-

  • Agência Espacial Brasileira (Brazil),
  • The China National Space Administration,
  • the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO),
  • Roscosmos (Russia)
  • The South African National Space Agency (Sansa).

Ongoing Programs

  • Brazil and China have a joint (now 50:50) EO satellite programme known as CBERS (China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite), with CBERS-4 being the current operational spacecraft in the series.
  • China also operates its own EO satellites (the Gaofen series) as does Russia (the latest series are designated Resurs).
  • Brazil has developed its first entirely indigenous EO satellite, Amazonia-1, which should be launched late next year.
  • South Africa currently does not have an operational EO satellite larger than a nanosat; its next full-size such spacecraft will be EOSat-1, currently being developed.
  • It is expected that the flight model EOSat-1 will be completed by 2019/2020.

GS-3 Paper

TopicDisaster and disaster management.

Heat Wave 2020


Two-Day Workshop on Preparedness, Mitigation and Management of Heat Wave begins in Bengaluru


  • The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), in collaboration with the Government of Karnataka, is conducting a two-day national workshop on Preparedness, Mitigation and Management of Heat Wave in Bengaluru.
  • With this workshop, the National Disaster Management Authority has initiated efforts well in advance of the Heat wave season.

What is a Heat wave?

  • A heat wave is usually measured relative to the usual weather in the area and relative to normal temperatures for the season.
  • Heat waves can cause adverse effects on human health, including other sectors.
  • Heat wave is considered if maximum temperature of a station reaches at least 40°C or more for Plains, 37°C or more for coastal stations and at least 30°C or more for Hilly regions.

Reasons of Heat wave in India

  • Deforestation, the heat-island effect, and industrial pollution are also being blamed for exacerbating heat waves.
  • Studies have linked an increase in heat waves to more increase in El Nino events, or years marked by an anomalous heating in the Central Pacific Ocean that’s linked to a weakening of the Indian monsoon.
  • The Indian Ocean temperatures are also rising faster than the other oceans, and this, too, may be reducing moisture over the Indian mainland, thus playing some part in longer stretches of hot days.
  • According to the MET Department, the presence of an anti-cyclonic circulation over south Pakistan and neighbouring regions is the reason behind the hot winds prevailing over the entire northwest India.

Declaration of heat wave according to IMD

Based on Departure from Normal (for Hilly regions)

  • Heat Wave: Maximum temperature departure from normal is 4.5°C to 6.4°C.
  • Severe Heat Wave: Maximum temperature departure from normal is >6.4°C.

Based on Actual Maximum Temperature (for plains only):

  • Heat Wave: When actual maximum temperature ≥ 45°C.
  • Severe Heat Wave: When actual maximum temperature ≥47°C.

Criteria for heat wave for Coastal Regions

  • Maximum temperature departure is >4.5°C from normal
  • Heat wave : maximum temperature is ≥ 37°C

Health Impacts of Heat Waves

  • The health impacts of Heat Waves typically involve dehydration, heat cramps, heat exhaustion and/or heat stroke.
  • Children, the elderly and those with pre-existing morbidities are particularly vulnerable.
  • Heat Stroke: body temperatures of 40°C i.e. 104°F or more along with delirium, seizures or coma. This is a potentially fatal condition.

For Prelims

National Florence Nightingale Awards


  • The President of India presented the National Florence Nightingale Awards to nursing personnel.
  • International Nurses Day is celebrated around the world every May 12, the anniversary of Florence Nightingale’s birth.

About National Florence Nightingale Award

  • The Florence Nightingale Award was established by the Union Health Ministry.
  • It honour the selfless services rendered by Nurses with devotion, sincerity, dedication and compassion.
  • The award is named after Florence Nightingale, founder of modern nursing.
  • The Award is given to the outstanding nursing personnel employed in Central, State/UTs.
  • Nurses working in Government, Voluntary Organizations, Mission institutions and private institutions can also apply with due recommendation of concerned State Government.
  • The Award carries 50,000 rupees cash award, a certificate, a citation certificate and a medal.

CSE-2020 | Prelims Daily Quiz 102 [ Questions ]


Q1. Consider the following statements aboutSpecial Protection Group’:

1.The SPG was raised to provide security cover to the Prime Minister, former Prime Ministers and their immediate family members.

2.As per SPG amendment Bill 2019, the security will be provided only for a period of five years to the former Prime Ministers after they leave the office.

3.The SPG comprises of the personnel from Indian Army and Indian Navy commandos.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 and 3 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 2 only

d) All of the above

Q2. Consider the following statements about ‘eNAM- National Agriculture Market’:

1.National Agriculture Market (eNAM) is a on line platform to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.

2.It is now available in Hindi and English languages.

3.Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) is the lead agency for implementing e-NAM.

Select the correct answer from codes given below

a) 1 and 3 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 2 only

d) All of the above

Q3. Which of the following statements about “Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP)” are correct?

1.MKSP is being implemented by the Ministry of agriculture.

2.MKSP is a sub component of the Deendayal Antodaya Yojana-NRLM (DAY-NRLM).

3.MKSP recognizes the identity of “Mahila” as “Kisan”.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) All of the above

Q4. Which of the following Indian state has recently made regulations for Visitors for entry in the State?

a) Meghalaya

b) Assam

c) Tripura

d) Sikkim

Q5. ‘YuWaah’ Generation Unlimited’an initiative has been launched by:

a) Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports

b) Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship


d) NITI Ayog


1. Answers will be given tomorrow with Solution

2. You can post your answers in discussion section below and cross check your accuracy .

Objective of this exercise is to prepare you for PRELIMS 2020 on daily basis . If you do it sincerely and attempt a good Test Series under exam like conditions , we are sure it will help you in clearing Prelims examination.

Quiz 101

Questions –  https://chromeias.com/cse-2020-prelims-daily-quiz-101-questions/

Answers – https://chromeias.com/cse-2020-prelims-daily-quiz-101-answers/