Relevance : GS Paper II ( International Relations )
It is expected that the visit by Saudi Crown Prince Salman will lead to further strengthening of Saudi Arabia-Indian ties.
Basis of such an exultation
- Saudi interest in
- expanding trade and investment in India
- collaboration in the energy sector
- developing an integrated refinery and petrochemicals complex
- Riyadh’s declaration that Saudi wants to intensify its strategic partnership with India.
The Pakistan angle
- Pakistan is far too important to Saudi Arabia for internal security reasons.
- Afghanistan has been a point of strategic convergence for Pakistan and Saudi Arabia.
- Riyadh perceives Pakistan as a major asset it can use to check the spread of Iranian influence.
- Saudi economic largesse matters greatly to Pakistan.
Way forward for India
- It will be unwise for India to believe that it can wean Saudi away from Pakistan.
- India should take advantage of its economic relations with Saudi Arabia.
- India should not pin much hope on Riyadh in the political-strategic sphere.
Relevance : GS Paper III( Energy)
The effort to clean up India’s thermal power plants running on coal has never really taken off.
What the govt should do?
- viable financial plan to help plants acquire pollution control technologies
- For the smaller and older plants, scaling down generation during the winter
- A viable financial mechanism must be evolved to remove pollutants
- burden of incorporating pollution control should fall on the beneficiary-user
- reducing coal use in the present energy mix which is over 54% now
The benefits of clean air to public health would make the investment well worth the effort.
Relevance : GS Paper II ( Polity & Governance)
Supreme Court had ruled in Kesavananda Bharati case that the Constitution’s basic structure was infrangible.
Criticism of basic structure doctrine
- It finds no mention anywhere in the Constitution.
- It accords the judiciary a power to impose its philosophy over a democratically formed government.
Significance of the basic structure
- It is deeply rooted in the Constitution’s text and history.
- It strengthens democracy by limiting the power of government.
- It’s dangerous to grant untrammelled power to the legislature.
The basic structure performs an important democratic role in ensuring that governments do not destroy the Constitution’s essential character