Gist of Editorials: Backing a New West Asia| GS – II


Relevance : GS Paper II ( International Relations)

[ 1500 words summarized to 100 ] 


Saudi Crown Prince visited India this week

Significance of the visit

  • trilateral dynamic with Pakistan
  • deepening of the bilateral relationship
  • extending support Saudi’s agenda for “reversing 1979”

Analysing India’s historical relation with the West Asia

  • relationship with the Gulf is deep and civilisational.
  • British Raj was the provider of security and the facilitator of the region’s economy.
  • Partition led to complex relation with the Arabian Peninsula.
  • Pakistan sought to mobilise political support from the Middle East.
  • Non-aligned India had little interest in continuing the strategic legacy of the Raj.
  • Due to preference for “secular republics”, India’s relations with the conservative monarchies weakened.
  • OIC’S hostile rhetoric on the Kashmir question created a  “pro-Pakistan” perception.
  • The end of the Cold War, India’s economic reforms, and the growing economic interdependence generated greater interest in the Gulf.
  • As the gap in economy of India and Pakistan widened, Saudi Arabia came closer to India.

Opportunities that the recent visit provides

  • Opportunity to construct a solid and comprehensive partnership
  • New possibilities beyond the traditional focus on the hydrocarbon sector
  • expansion of cooperation to counter terrorism.
  • Bilateral defence cooperation
  • India’s support to Prince Salman’s commitment to reverse the hugely negative consequences of 1979.

 

Gist of Editorials: Delhi Dilemma| GS – II


Relevance : GS Paper II ( Polity & Governance)

[ 1200 words summarized to 160 ] 


There is an inherent complexity of the relations between the Delhi government and the Centre.

The Tussle

  • The disadvantages of not having full statehood status has been felt by many elected regimes in Delhi.
  • Whether some subjects fall under the Delhi government or is the exclusive preserve of the Centre.

The solution provided by Supreme Court

  • Governor has to act either on the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers, or abide by the decision of the President on a reference made by him.
  • The power to refer “any matter” to the President did not mean “every matter”.
  • The absence of a public service in Delhi means that the LG need not act on the Delhi government’s aid and advice.
  • In case of dispute on transfers and postings of officers, the LG’s view will prevail.

Conclusion

It is necessary to find a way out of the complexities and problems thrown up by the multiple forms of federalism .