Gist of Editorials: Job Creation at the Farmer’s Doorstep (Indian Express) | GS – III

Relevance : GS Paper III (Indian Economy)

[900 words reduced to 250]


  • The Telangana government’s Rythu Bandhu scheme has spotlighted the policy of utilising cash transfer to assist land-owning farmers with a non-agricultural income.
  • The average monthly income of rural households is Rs 8,000, with agricultural households deriving only 43% of their income from agriculture.
  • The government has sought to double farmer income by raising minimum support prices, but such initiatives would apply directly only to 48% of rural India, with non-agricultural households being left behind.
  • How to increase farmers’ income?
    • embrace non-farm diversification
    • breeding policy needs to be revamped
    • a national breeding policy is needed
    • Buffalo breeding ought to be given more attention
    • Development of indigenous breeds of livestock
    • Feed supply needs to be mitigated through greater imports
    • Private investment must be encouraged
    • Animal health care should become a priority
    • create better incentive structures for investment in livestock
    • State governments should sponsor research
    • focus on developing markets, infrastructure and institutions
  • How to improve conditions of migrant workers?
    • Enable migrant workers to get deserved access to various government schemes.
    • Access to Anganwadi facilities should be provided
    • Compliance of multiple laws exist for the welfare of construction workers should be ensured
    • Registration of workers with the Welfare Board should be made mandatory.
    • to improve the condition of women, strict anti-harassment laws should be implemented.
    • Creche facilities at construction sites should be provided
    • Workers should also be provided with training and skilling in their areas of interest
  • While India’s post-Independence rural policy has primarily been about driving people away from agriculture and towards cities, we must now incentivise job creation at their doorstep.

 

Editorial Simplified: Job Creation at the Farmer’s Doorstep | GS – III

Relevance: GS Paper III (Indian Economy)


Theme of the article

The conversation on raising farmer income needs to embrace non-farm diversification.


Why has this issue cropped up?

The Telangana government’s recent announcement of the Rythu Bandhu scheme has spotlighted the policy of utilising cash transfer to assist land-owning farmers with a non-agricultural income — instead of the traditional policy measures of price interventions, trade restrictions and farm loan waivers.


Rural India’s economic situation

  • The average monthly income of rural households is Rs 8,000, with agricultural households deriving only 43% of their income from agriculture; most of it is from providing daily wage labour and government jobs.
  • While agricultural households typically had a higher income than non-agricultural households, they had higher debt on average.
  • The government has sought to double farmer income by raising minimum support prices, but such initiatives would apply directly only to 48% of rural India, with non-agricultural households being left behind. Perhaps we need to look at alternative sources of income.

How to increase farmers’ income?

  • The conversation on raising farmer income needs to embrace non-farm diversification, an important pathway for empowering landless labourers and marginal farmers.Diversification can help overcome land constraint to income growth, while allowing farmers to cope with exogenous shocks through additional income.
  • The livestock sector can offer significant opportunities for bolstering non-farm income. The current breeding policy (based on exotic blood and artificial insemination) needs to be revamped.
  • A national breeding policy is also needed to upgrade the best performing indigenous breeds.
  • Buffalo breeding ought to be given more attention, while poultry breeding should be focussed on conservation.
  • State governments should be encouraged to participate in national breeding policy implementation, creating an environment for competition among alternative suppliers of artificial insemination.
  • Consensus must be built among breeders to develop indigenous breeds.
  • The feed supply (currently inadequate) needs to be mitigated through greater imports, with feed technology packages developed for extension dissemination.
  • Geographical information system-based analysis must be utilised to map production systems.
  • Private investment must also be encouraged.
  • Animal health care should become a priority, with greater investment in preventive health care.
  • The government needs to create better incentive structures for investment in livestock in the States that are lagging while harmonising rules, regulations and regulatory authorities across States.
  • State governments should sponsor research and assessment of the market, along with highlighting investment potential.
  • Our policies should help create sustainable, long-term, rural, non-farm employment options which can aid the rural poor in overcoming barriers to economic prosperity.
  • India’s rural development policies should increasingly focus on developing markets, infrastructure and institutions that can help sectors such as livestock and construction growth

How to improve conditions of migrant workers?

  • Improving the conditions of migrant workers in the construction sector requires a multi-pronged approach.
  • First, we have to enable migrant workers to get deserved access to various government (Central and State) schemes, despite the lack of identity proof.
  • Access to Anganwadi facilities should be provided regardless of their identity documents.
  • While multiple laws exist for the welfare of construction workers, compliance is abysmal. The penalties for non-compliance have to be increased to a significant fraction of the construction cost, payable by the builder.
  • Registration of workers with the Welfare Board should be made mandatory and be the responsibility of the contractor and the builder.
  • The registration cards should be linked to their Jan-Dhan accounts, and transfer of payments on a periodic basis be made directly to their accounts.
  • In order to improve the condition of women, strict anti-harassment laws should be implemented.
  • Creche facilities at construction sites should be provided to also ensure that children are not neglected; they often play with gravel and dust, which can threaten their health.
  • Utilisation of a construction cess has to be improved if we are to make any difference to the lives of our construction workers.
  • Workers should also be provided with training and skilling in their areas of interest, as it could lead to higher earnings and credit-worthiness.

Conclusion

While India’s post-Independence rural policy has primarily been about driving people away from agriculture and towards cities, we must now incentivise job creation at their doorstep.


 

Essential Facts (Prelims): 4 December, 2018


GSAT-11

  • Weighs 5,854 kg satellite.
  • It is almost double the weight of the biggest satellite built or launched by ISRO to date.
  • It will ride up on European launch vehicle Ariane.
  • It is part of high-throughput communication satellite (HTS) fleet that will drive the country’s Internet broadband from space to untouched areas;
  • The broadband domain is now ruled by underground fibre and covers partial and convenient locations.
  • Already up in space are two HTSs — GSAT-29 and GSAT-19
  • They are all to provide high-speed Internet data services at the rate of 100 Gbps (Gigabits per second) to Indian users.
  • The HTSs will also be the backbone of pan-India digital or easy Internet-based programmes and services — such as Digital India, Bharat Net for rural e-governance, and commercial and public sector VSAT Net service providers.

Manufacturing PMI

  • The Nikkei India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index registered a reading of 54 in November.
  • A reading above 50 denotes an expansion, while one below 50 implies a contraction.

Bennu

  • A NASA spacecraft arrived at the ancient asteroid Bennu.
  • The robotic explorer Osiris-Rex pulled within 19 km of the diamond-shaped space rock.
  • The carbon-rich asteroid Bennu could hold evidence dating back to the beginning of our solar system 4.5 billion years ago.

LION BD

  • It is a new AI (Artificial Intelligence) system.
  • It has been designed to assist scientists in the search for cancer-related discoveries.
  • It is world’s first literature-based discovery system aimed at supporting cancer research.

Soyuz mission

  • The Soyuz is the only means of reaching the ISS since the U.S. retired the space shuttle in 2011.

SHINYUU Maitri

  • It is a bilateral air exercise between India and Japan.

World Skill Center

  • India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed a deal to improve the skill development eco-system in Odisha and establish an advanced skill training center, the World Skill Center (WSC), in the state capital Bhubaneswar.
  • The project will help over 150,000 people learn skills in priority sectors, including manufacturing, construction and services for formal employment.

Qatar

  • Qatar is to quit OPEC.
  • It is the world’s biggest liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporter.
  • OPEC has 15 members including Qatar.

 

CSE-2019 | Prelims Daily Quiz 54

Question:

With reference to agreements on climate, consider the following statements:

1. If a country withdraws from an agreement, it can still participate in it as long as it wants.

2. The Paris agreement wants countries to avoid temperature rise beyond 1.5 C of pre-industrial levels.

 

Choose the correct statement/s from the codes given below:

1. 1 only

2. 2 only

3. Both 1 and 2

4. Neither 1 nor 2

2. 2 only

  • A country which withdraws can participate only till the process of withdrawal is not complete. For example, US opted out of the Paris deal last year but continues to be part of discussions as a complete withdrawal takes up to four years.
  • The Paris agreement exhorts countries to take steps to avoid temperatures from rising beyond 2 C of pre-industrial levels, and even 1.5 C as far as possible, by the end of the century.