Essential Facts (Prelims): 15th November, 2018


  • Launched on GSLV-MKIII
  • Placed in geo-synchronous transfer orbit
  • Took 17 minutes to reach orbit
  • Weighs 3423 kg
  • It will provide communication services to northeast and Jammu & Kashmir
  • It carries Ku/Ka band transponders


  • Heaviest rocket of ISRO
  • Can carry satellites weighing around 4000kg in Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit ( GTO)
  • Can carry satellites weighing around 4000kg in Low Earth Orbit ( GTO)
  • It carries cryogenic C25 engine
  • It is a three-stage rocket: solid, liquid and cryogenic
  • Cryogenic stage is much more efficient than solid and liquid stages
  • It will also be used in Chandrayan-2 mission and India’s first human space flight

Konark Sun Temple

  • Located in Odisha
  • Built in 13th century
  • Consists of a solar chariot and 12 pairs of wheels
  • Is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • 40% of the artistic stone carvings of the temple have been replaced by ASI with plain stones, Odisha has complained.
  • UNESCO guidelines on restoration of World Heritage Sites mandate that when an original stone carving is lost, it cannot be replicated.

MFN ( Most Favoured Nation) status

  • As per WTO rule, every member of WTO is required to this status to other member countries.
  • India has already granted MFN status to all WTO members including Pakistan.
  • Under MFN status, a WTO member country is obliged to treat other trading nations in a non-discriminatory manner, especially with regard to customs duty and other levies.
  • Pakistan has still not granted MFN status to India. Pakistan allows only 137 products to be exported from India through the Wagah Border land route.


  • Southern states- Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh account for a share of 46% of total remittances that India receives.
  • If Maharashtra is included, the 5 states account for a share of 59 %.
  • India receives remittances of $69 billion from abroad.
  • Kerala receives highest remittances followed by Maharashtra.
  • India is the top recipient of remittances in the world.
  • More than 80% of total remittances received by India originated from 7 countries-US, UK, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait and Oman.
  • Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries account for more than 50% of the remittances.
  • After skilled and semi-skilled workers, India diaspora is the second largest contributor of remittances.
  • More than half of the remittances received by India are used for family maintenance( consumption).
  • Rupee Drawing Arrangement ( RDA) is the most preferred mode of receiving remittances. The second most popular channel is SWIFT.
  • RDA enables tie-up between banks and non-resident exchange houses for opening and maintaining their vostro accounts.


  • The Kilogram is to be redefined.
  • Now, Kilogram will be defined in terms of Planck’s constant.
  • At present, it is defined by a platinum-iridium cylinder.

RCEP( Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership )

  • RCEP meeting was held in Singapore recently.
  • Involves 10 ASEAN members.
  • Also involves non-ASEAN members- India, China, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Korea.


CSE-2019 | Prelims Daily Quiz 35


Consider the following statements about ‘micro-vehicles’ which was recently in news:

1. Micro-vehicles are smaller in size than conventional vehicles, hence emit lesser amount of pollutants.

2. Micro-vehicles have been developed by US scientists.


Choose the correct statement/s from the options given below:

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

  • “Micro-vehicles” have been constructed for delivering drugs to hard-to-reach structures at the back of the eye. While the surface of the eye can be easily treated through topical administration such as eye drops, these drugs are ineffective for conditions affecting the back of the eye. One strategy for treating the posterior region has been through random, passive diffusion of nanoparticles injected on the surface, where the particles take a long time to travel through the vitreous (eye fluid) to reach their target — during which the drugs can lose efficacy. The new ‘micro-propellers’ circumvent these problems.
  • A global team of scientists in Germany, China and Denmark have constructed “micro-vehicles”.